The 19th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (OHBM), June 16-20, 2013 at the Washington State Convention Center in Seattle, WA, USA
he 19th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping was held June 16-20, 2013 at the Washington State Convention Center in Seattle, WA, USA.
OHBM draws attendance between 2500-3000 attendees each year. Membership in the organization is growing and the meeting continues to be one of the most significant neuroimaging conferences for those in the field. The OHBM meeting boasts a combination of exciting scientific programs and social events, all tailored to the city the meeting is being held.
Unique, innovative and full of surprises, Seattle is a diverse city with a laid-back approach to life. To experience Seattle is to experience the quiet confidence and balanced urban and natural lifestyles. Seattle is a world-class metropolis with a fast-paced city life within wild, beautiful natural surroundings.
In the internal medicine wide spectrum the gastroenterology is one of the chapters, less enlightened by the scientific evidence. It does not mean that the practice of the grasntroenterology may ot be improved by the systematic use of the approaches of the evidence based medicine
Special issue of Epilepsia dedicated to the 31stInternational Epilepsy Congress Istanbul, Turkey 5th–9th September, 2015
Use this 2018 Neuroscience Meeting Planner to search all 2018 annual meeting sessions, presentations, and authors. Enter a keyword in the search box and then filter the results by day, theme, or session type or start with the pre-filtered results below.
The problem of functional localization in the brain is one of the most fundamental in neuroscience. For this problem two opposite ideologies: "modular" versus "holistic" nature of the brain also known as "localism" and "holism" have been discussed for a long time (Flourens 1825; Luria 1967). The debate in favor of one or another ideology still can be traced at all methodological levels - from a cell to a system. In this opinion paper we want to raise a question - what is nowadays meant by mapping of the brain? In addition we want to highlight the necessity of being aware of occasionally occurring discontinuity in the research at different methodological scales.
Background: In this review we survey medical treatments and research strategies, and we discuss why they have failed to cure degenerative disc diseases or even slow down the degenerative process.
Objective: We seek to stimulate discussion with respect to changing the medical paradigm associated with treatments and research applied to degenerative disc diseases.
Method Proposal: We summarize a Biological Transformation therapy for curing chronic inflammations and degenerative disc diseases, as was previously described in the book Biological Transformations controlled by the Mind Volume 1.
Preliminary Studies: A single-patient case study is presented that documents complete recovery from an advanced lumbar bilateral discopathy and long-term hypertrophic chronic rhinitis by application of the method proposed.
Conclusion: Biological transformations controlled by the mind can be applied by men and women in order to improve their quality of life and cure degenerative disc diseases and chronic inflammations illnesses.
The contribution of modifiable risk factors to the increasing global and regional burden of stroke is unclear, but knowledge about this contribution is crucial for informing stroke prevention strategies. We used data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) to estimate the population-attributable fraction (PAF) of stroke-related disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) associated with potentially modifiable environmental, occupational, behavioural, physiological, and metabolic risk factors in different age and sex groups worldwide and in high-income countries and low-income and middle-income countries, from 1990 to 2013.
We used data on stroke-related DALYs, risk factors, and PAF from the GBD 2013 Study to estimate the burden of stroke by age and sex (with corresponding 95% uncertainty intervals [UI]) in 188 countries, as measured with stroke-related DALYs in 1990 and 2013. We evaluated attributable DALYs for 17 risk factors (air pollution and environmental, dietary, physical activity, tobacco smoke, and physiological) and six clusters of risk factors by use of three inputs: risk factor exposure, relative risks, and the theoretical minimum risk exposure level. For most risk factors, we synthesised data for exposure with a Bayesian meta-regression method (DisMod-MR) or spatial-temporal Gaussian process regression. We based relative risks on meta-regressions of published cohort and intervention studies. Attributable burden for clusters of risks and all risks combined took into account evidence on the mediation of some risks, such as high body-mass index (BMI), through other risks, such as high systolic blood pressure (SBP) and high total cholesterol.
Globally, 90·5% (95% UI 88·5–92·2) of the stroke burden (as measured in DALYs) was attributable to the modifiable risk factors analysed, including 74·2% (95% UI 70·7–76·7) due to behavioural factors (smoking, poor diet, and low physical activity). Clusters of metabolic factors (high SBP, high BMI, high fasting plasma glucose, high total cholesterol, and low glomerular filtration rate; 72·4%, 95% UI 70·2–73·5) and environmental factors (air pollution and lead exposure; 33·4%, 95% UI 32·4–34·3) were the second and third largest contributors to DALYs. Globally, 29·2% (95% UI 28·2–29·6) of the burden of stroke was attributed to air pollution. Although globally there were no significant differences between sexes in the proportion of stroke burden due to behavioural, environmental, and metabolic risk clusters, in the low-income and middle-income countries, the PAF of behavioural risk clusters in males was greater than in females. The PAF of all risk factors increased from 1990 to 2013 (except for second-hand smoking and household air pollution from solid fuels) and varied significantly between countries.
Our results suggest that more than 90% of the stroke burden is attributable to modifiable risk factors, and achieving control of behavioural and metabolic risk factors could avert more than three-quarters of the global stroke burden. Air pollution has emerged as a significant contributor to global stroke burden, especially in low-income and middle-income countries, and therefore reducing exposure to air pollution should be one of the main priorities to reduce stroke burden in these countries.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, American Heart Association, US National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Columbia University, Health Research Council of New Zealand, Brain Research New Zealand Centre of Research Excellence, and National Science Challenge, Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment of New Zealand.
Neuroimaging studies are accumulating fast. A significant number of these studies use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and report stereotactic brain coordinates. In the last 15 years meta-analytic software tools have been developed to identify over-arching data agreement across studies (e.g., http://www.brainmap.org/). Meta-analytic studies help establish statistical concordance and quantitatively summarize large amounts of evidence. To date there are 944 papers on fMRI meta-analyses, as indexed by Web of Science (WOS; 28/04/18). Before analyzing coordinates researchers have to compile, systematically review relevant literature and extract stereotaxic coordinates. One process of pooling information from the articles requires manual search of the articles and manual extraction the relevant data, such as coordinates (i.e., foci), contrasts (i.e., experiments) and types of analyses (whole-brain or region of interest). Another available approach is offered by software with pre-extracted information, such as Sleuth (http://brainmap.org/sleuth/), Neurosynth (http://neurosynth.org/) and other open-source programs. Critically, these methods do not have up to date datasets covering only a limited number of studies (e.g., 11406 papers in the Neurosynth and 3294 papers in the Sleuth 2.4 at the 28/04/2018), whereas, a WOS search for the keyword (“fMRI”) yields 61976 papers. To improve the quality of the manual search for area-based meta-analyses and increase the speed of the identification of the foci of interest, we developed CoordsFinder - standalone graphical interface software for addressing the challenge of processing multiple fMRI articles reporting data in coordinate space. The software is written using WPF (C# and XAML), based on .NET Framework 4.5.2, and it supports Microsoft Windows 7 operating system or higher. The CoordsFinder estimates the foci uploaded in the software manually and searches for it inside the specified folder, which contains the pdf files of the papers, as this is the most common file format for articles. Foci coordinates can be found both in tables and in a plain text of the articles. The foci file uploaded could contain MNI or TAL space coordinates, and the software can indicate each type. In the current version, CoordsFinder can explore only files stored at the user’s computer, and process 274 papers per minute for a typical computer. Practically this software provides a solution for automatically extracting coordinates from multiple articles for effectively organizing and further analyzing data already available in the literature.
This training manual contains information about the features of the use of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in the main mental and neuropsychiatric disorders. The manual discusses in detail the main mechanisms of action of TMS, legal, organizational and sanitary norms of this procedure, indications and contraindications for its implementation, the peculiarities of combining TMS with psychopharmacotherapy and psychotherapy. In separate sections, the features of the use of TMS for affective diseases, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, schizophrenia, chronic pain, neuropsychiatric diseases, and addictions are highlighted. The textbook "Application of transcranial magnetic stimulation in psychiatric and neuropsychiatric practice" was prepared in the discipline "Psychiatry" in accordance with the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Professional Education for students of postgraduate and additional professional education of doctors studying in the specialty "Psychiatry" (14.01.06)
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.