The article is based on the results of a social study aimed at exploring the labor norms, in particular normal workday length, overtime and the boundaries between them as viewed by the white-collar workers. The data of 22 semi-structured interviews with the office workers are used in the study. The analysis reveals a discrepancy between the way the workers define their overtime and the way they arrange their everyday practices. Formal excess of work hours is not perceived in fact as overtime by the workers; the author finds out that what is important for the workers is the balance between their professional and personal life as well as the degree of fatigue. The author concludes that workers’ age, sex, family status and how they prioritize work in the list of life priorities shape the way how they delimit work and overtime. Types of overtime are distinguished: formal, informal, involuntary and voluntary.
The article addresses to the mixed methods strategy applying to the modern Russian nationalist organizations studying. This strategy matches to solve simultaneously the several scientific problems: i) the low degree of the mentioned organizations exploration, ii) the difficulty in studying these organizations by means of qualitative methods (i.e. which results may be verified by means of mathematics) because they are informationally and culturally closed, iii) the mismatching between the defining latent causality purpose and qualitative methods (i.e. which results may NOT be verified by means of mathematics) applying opportunity. The research, which results comprised the basement for this article, fulfilled the “qual->QUANT->qual” variant of the mixed methods strategy. The report depicts a design and a result of the research’s each step. Thus, it depicts the identified components of the exploring organizations ideologies: standpoints regarding the USSR, organizations’ perception regarding those who threats Russia, type of nationalism (including racism), organizations’ preferences regarding the Russia’s territory, organizations’ preferences regarding religion, organizations’ preferring economic models. Then, it depicts these components hierarchy and mathematic arguing that the basic component is the standpoints regarding the USSR.
Problematization of women’s experience in a patriarchal and conservative society is topical despite change of epochs. More women stress their ability to belong to the privileged class of men and condemn those who are not ready to abandon femininity, as Simone de Beauvoir wrote. Those women who socialize supporting these increasingly popular practices are female misogynists. The authors’ review of theoretical approaches shows that the internalized misogyny is insufficiently studied. The empirical part of the study explores this phenomenon in the Russian society. The study emphasizes specifics of internalized misogyny among women brought up in the post-Soviet era, the Millennial generation. The authors use a mixed methods research strategy combining qualitative and quantitative approaches — focused interview with stimulus materials and online survey. A tool to measure the concept of internalized misogyny is developed and tested; this tool helps to establish a connection between the expression of misogyny and social and demographic characteristics and to explore its types (gender «contracts»).
This paper focuses on the structure of public leisure practices in Russia. The interest to this topic is based on the idea that lifestyle can reflect the social structure of society. The sphere of public leisure activities is assumed to be the field of symbolic inequality where the stratification system is manifested. Existing literature indicates three different approaches to describe the structure of leisure. At the same time, the majority of the studies are focused on one particular form of leisure such as cultural consumption, sports, or gastronomic preferences, while neglecting the structure of leisure activities on the whole. Furthermore, the results of the analysis of the impact of social determinants vary depending on the social context. On this premise, the aim of this study is to reveal the structure of public leisure practices in Russia, together with the effect of the social features on it. The research is based on the data delivered by Public opinion Foundation. Using latent class analysis and multinomial logistic regression, five repertoires of leisure activities were found as well as the effects of income, education, age, and the region of living were revealed.
The paper reviews the modern theoretical models of stereotipization and representation of the Otherness. The author follows the ideas of S. Gilman and uses literature and media examples to make a comparison between pathological and non-pathological perceptions and representations: the former tend to have hegemonic attitude towards Otherness; the latter highlight its value. The author describes such pathological forms as depersonification, fragmentation, fetishization, exoticization, pathologization, and homogenization. The following three counter-strategies of representation of the ‘Others’ in the media are singled out: 1) creation of new positive stereotypes of Others, 2) transfer of positive images of Otherness on those manifestations of Otherness that perceived negatively in the media, and finally, 3) clash of ambivalent stereotypes of ‘Others’ through critical discourse analysis and allowing them speaking out.
The paper presents the results of a study based on the Big Data paradigm analysis. The study aims at defining the features of the ethnic discourse in the Russian-speaking social media and the place of the North Caucasus ethnicities in this discourse. The informational basis for the study is 2,659,849 social media publications containing ethnonyms. The author concludes that the ethnic discourse is full of problematic topics mainly discussed by male participants. The study shows that the ethnonyms related to the North Caucasus peoples are often used in the context of crime and terrorism.
Based on the analysis of theoretical developments and empirical data, the article describes the current fertility rate in Russia and foreign counties. The authors explore the dependence of the fertility on the public assessments of the economic environment, on the gender equality settings and on the public attitudes towards national healthcare system. The authors give a description of the most important factors that influence the number of childless families in Russia. Basic statistical data used in the article involve the number of individual households, divorces, fertility and the assessment of Russians` conservatism. The authors consider modern demographic trends being an object of today`s gender studies as well as the impact of regional and religious factors on the nonmarital fertility. Contemporary demographic theories that take into account the changing status of women in society are also described. Major hypotheses are proved by the data of public opinion polls conducted in Russia over the recent years. The gender equality in public sphere leads to the increase in economic independence of women which may boost fertility at the expense of the reduced social risks. However, cultural changes may have different effects depending on institutional macro context they belong to. The authors conclude that the combination of sociological studies and experimental psychological approaches is vital. The authors strengthen the gender equality in private and public spheres and make an unexpected conclusion: if the quality between men and women is preserved, the fertility will not decrease (as we have seen in recent decades) but will rather increase.