Notes, observations and personal impressions of author, concerning the XXth International Congress of French-Speaking Sociologists at Montreal, held in July 4-8, 2016 and organized at Montreal by the International Association of French-Speaking Sociologists, University of Montreal and Quebec University at Montreal.
The paper discusses problems of socio-economic security of employees working in small businesses. The role of employment protection parameters in personal job satisfaction is determined. The analysis is based on the methodological approach to labor protection within the “decent work” concept. Following the results of the survey of employees in small businesses in Moscow we describe most vulnerable areas in labor relations as well as the compensation mechanisms of representative protection.
The paper analyses the negative tendencies in the development of the Russian sociology. Authors show that the significant problem is the weak relation between theory and empirical studies in the current research. They also demonstrate the turn away from the rationalistic explanation of social phenomena. The bibliometric analysis of the 1829 articles in the leading Russian and foreign journals is presented. The comparison demonstrated the differences between Russian and foreign papers in such aspects as the structure of the scientific publications, the description of the methodology of empirical research, the level of statistical analysis.
The article reveals actual indicators of the quality of life (QoL) in urban settlements of Russian regions. An overview of relevant - classical and recently published - sources is presented, in which the main theoretical components of QoL are analyzed in the perspective of their operationalization; basic concepts used in the measurement of QoL are given. On the basis of express-questioned qualitative data collected in the cities of Orel and Tula - regional centers of the Central Federal District with a standard of living slightly below the average and above the average in Russia, it is shown that when discussing QoL in a large Russian urban settlement, the following codes (topics) that are not became a common place in the literature on measurement of QOL: (1) assessment of QoL dynamics; (2) assessment of the presence / absence of spaces for civic engagement; (3) assessing the presence / absence of spaces for consumer behavior. The indicators of QoL were revealed, which practically all informants were initiativeally and independently of each other in the answers to the two questions about the quality of life in the city.
The authors discuss concept of Russian intelligentsia from the standpoint of the present. Particular attention is given to examining the concept of “intelligentsia” and considering objective external indicators of its position in society. In particular, by using the conceptual tools of social geography the authors explore trajectory of geographical migration of intellectuals from the big cities to the countryside (late 19th – early 21st centuries.). They discuss such phenomena amidst intelligentsia as a cautious attitude towards urbanization, emergence of cultural perception of nature and rural traditions, passion for country recreation. The examples of enclaves of intellectuals in non-urban areas are reviewed with regard to the social role of the Russian intelligentsia. By positioning itself in geographical non-urban space, the intelligentsia thus refers to its social role and produces self-identification.