А connection between the State metrology and economics is considered. The existence of direct relation between the level of metrology development and the competitiveness of goods and services in the global market is shown. Various sections of the uniformity of measurements assurance should be effectively supported by the State to allow the development of science intensive technologies and the manufacturing of high-tech products. On the base of analysis of the leading foreign and national metrological institutes activity, of the published results of various research works, of scientific analyses and annual reports the authors prove that economic success depends, inter alia, on the ability to produce and sell precisely measured and reliably tested products and services where the metrology plays a central role for manufacturers, suppliers and consumers.
The problems of creation of a low intensity optical radiation signal standard sources based on the nanosized apertures and semiconductor quantum dots are considered. The use of technology of the focused ionic beam technology for isolation of a single quantum dot is offered suggested.