Business models (BM) are becoming one of the actively studied topics in contemporary management research, being highly demanded by both academic and professional communities. It is assumed that BM innovation could serve as a crucial source of competitive advantage for the company, that it much less costly than new product launches or investment in marketing. Regardless the significant growth of publications in BM area many questions still remain unanswered. Various researchers develop new approaches to BM analysis that are aimed to better understand a company BM and also explore the mechanisms for its change and improvement. This article offers a new approach to BM analysis that is based on value chains and organizational networks theory. This approach is based on key tendencies in BM research and has a number of specific features that differentiate it from the other approaches and make it more adaptable and practically applicable in business.
This paper is devoted to a research of questions of organizational career of workers included in the corporate program of talent development. The provision that the organizations realizing these programs make essential impact on character of the career capital of workers with a high potential is proved. On the basis of the empirical data obtained in two large Russian companies several specific scenarios of career development are revealed. They are: to be a career leader, career outsider and career challenger. Factors are established and the mechanism of realization of opportunities and restrictions when converting career competences of workers in organizational career is defined. Risks of participation in the program of development of talents which are born by workers are for the first time discussed, and factors of these risks are empirically established. The paper demonstrates the benefits of applying the provisions of the theory of stakeholders in the development of the talent management conceptualization.
Consumer orientation towards healthy foods depends on the coordination of companies, public policies area and the consumer’s ability to make choices. At the same time, consumer orientation depends not only on consumer awareness - knowledge and ability to choose foods consciously, but also on the possibility of making this choice, which is ensured by coordinated actions of companies and state. This article discusses approaches to definition of unhealthy and healthy foods, as well as the existing governmental regulations in this area. Based on the review, a model for coordinating multidirectional interests of market players (state, companies and consumers) to ensure the regulation of sales of unhealthy foods has been proposed. The model helps to determine optimal prices and taxes on relevant food products.
This research is focused on the main characteristics of sharing economy as one of the fastdeveloping sectors of 4.0 industry in the world and in Russia. Due to the increasing role of a consumer as one of the key economic agents in the sharing economy, the research is focused on the sharing economy adoption factors on the consumer level. Sharing economy development perspectives and adoption factors, including drivers and impediments the consumers are facing are analyzed in the paper. To identify the factors determining the consumer behavior in the sharing economy in Russia, the quantitative survey with 2576 respondents was conducted. The analysis of empirical data allows to reveal six main factors of sharing economy developing from the consumer perspective: (1) the attitude to the sharing economy, (2) difficulties to start participation in the sharing economy, (3) perceived risks, (4) the role of property, (5) influence of the referent groups, (6) hygienic factors of sharing economy. After the cluster analysis, three consumer clusters were determined: (1) consumers with neutral attitude to the sharing economy, (2) skeptical consumers, (3) competent consumers. The results of the analysis are relevant both for the academic research and for the management practice and allow to make conclusions on the problems and perspectives of the sharing economy development in Russia based on the analysis of the impediments and stimulating development factors (drivers) in the context of the behavioral model of Russian consumers in the sharing economy.
Conceptual foundation of relationship marketing is presented and main definitions of the new approach are classofied. the main focus of the paper is the observaion of models, technics and tools that can be used within the framework of relationship marketing. The special indicators to measure perfprmance and results of relationship marketing are considered and directions for further research presented