Consideration of the supply chain from the point of view of objective understanding as a set of individuals and legal entities, interacting specifically and precisely in material, financial and information flows, presupposes the availability of a tool for fixing the rules for interaction of such parties. Such a tool already exists, it is a contract / agreement / agreement of the parties. It is the contract model of the supply chain that is of great importance in the process of value formation of the product, as it can be considered as a legal documental basis for mutual arrangements for the supply chain. The tasks of contract management in the supply chain regarding the choice of the optimal contract model are formalized it the paper for the first time as decision-making tasks under many criteria. This format of models allows to take into account risks that can be formalized in the form of separate individual criteria. It is shown that a dimensionality phenomenon is associated with problems of this type, which can be eliminated on the basis of a transition to new formats for the presentation of estimates of particular criteria: 1) the format of generalized selection criteria; 2) to the standardized form of the problem of choice. For both of these approaches, formalizations of the tasks of multicriteria choice of the contract model are formalized.
Urban logistics seems to be a kind of «black box» for researchers and city authorities in the recent years, and as a result, a lot of research is limited to describing individual effects or setting out a course of planning a logistics system in urban conditions without taking into account some of its specific characteristics, such as influences of urban transport and environmental policy, urban spatial development; city authorities in turn prefer purely formal interaction with logistics companies and retail, introducing various kinds of prohibitive measures and without monitoring the results of their implementation. Thanks to the ongoing industrial revolution, radical changes are taking place, and digital technologies allow introduction of new management methods, which leads to fairly radical changes in city logistics. This article presents an overview of the changes that will affect the structure of the logistics chain. These changes are organized into 5 groups of factors: new technologies development, economic, environmental, social factors, external threats. Timely preparation for future changes will allow both logistics companies to correctly allocate available resources in the modernization of the logistics system, and city authorities to amend urban policy in the field of management and coordination of city logistics.
The task of diagnostics of supply chain processes with the purpose to determine reserves and prospects of efficiency increase is the most time-consuming stage of strategic planning requiring accumulation and systematization of large amount of diverse information. Alongside with this, there are not many complex methods that could allow to implement the strategic planning cycle providing at the same time objective conclusions. One of these methods is the diagnostics of supply chain processes using supply chain operations reference model (SCOR model). The article provides analysis of publications devoted to problems when using SCOR; shows the main problems of the method interpretation and its application peculiarities. Also, the article suggests a procedure of supply chain processes diagnostics with SCOR model; the stages of this procedure are supported with an example. The article reveals that consistent implementation of the described stages allows to significantly simplify the procedure of supply chains strategic analysis providing at the same time consistency and reasonability of the decisions taken.
The article looks at the main aspects of supply chain strategic planning in the context of designing, reengineering and optimization of its network structure. The article reveals actuality of supply chain configuration and redesign, and its influence on economic results of the chain agents. It is shown that nowadays network design is based on a fairly well tested technology, methods and IT-support that were put to test in real practice of leading companies. The key issues subject to solving during design process are considered; recommendations on efficiency assessment in volatile market environment are given. The article provides examples of strategic demands differentiation, benchmarks and reference models when determining parameters of basic supply chain configuration and redesign. The article structures the sequence of planning and design stages of an optimal supply chain network structure based on strategic focus, prognosticated trends in supply chain management, implementation control, adequate organizational changes in a focus company and SCM structure; integrated information support.
The problem of optimal management of various types of production resources in conditions of uncertainty and risk taking into account reworks is relevant and necessary to ensure the competitiveness of modern domestic industrial enterprises.
The paper deals with dynamic models of management of production resources of the enterprise, which provide maximum profit from the sale of products produced for a certain period of time, taking into account the risk, taking into account waste and reworks on technological operations of the industrial enterprise. The analysis of stability in models of management of production and financial activities of the enterprise is carried out. In conclusion, an example of calculation of the management of production and financial activities of a small enterprise which assemblies system blocks of personal computers is analyzed.
Scientific survey is based on fundamental and applied developments of domestic and foreign scientists in the field of economic theory, management theory, logistics theory and supply chain management, methods of mathematical modeling, system analysis, operations research and expert evaluation methods.
The considered dynamic models of management of production and financial activities of the enterprise allow estimating efficiency of use of production and financial assets of the enterprise in the conditions of uncertainty and risk taking into account waste and rework.
Article presents the idea, that if the demand on a product can be described with high-elasticity of price, decrease in price can determine an increase in total revenue, but not necessary – in total margin (profitability). From one side the overstated prices on the product will decrease the intensity of its sales, from another side – will decrease the return on working capital, which is used for wholesale purchasing. Also it will increase risks of expiration period exceeding in retail network. Article considers questions of rational price setting and increase in efficiency of working capital employment for trade company.
The article deals with road transport as one of the fast growing and market oriented transport modes in the context of globalization.It is noted that international road transport is one of the most overregulated types of economic activities that reduces the trucking companies efficiency and hinders the international trade. For many countries, especially landlocked, it creates additional barriers on access to world markets.The analysis covers the access of international road transport operators to the market in countries of Eurasia. The authors explore the transformation of the international road transport market. In particular,it is noted that the integration development is closely related to the mechanism of international road transport regulation. For example, the EEU deals with the process of road transport liberalization,which is multilateral in nature. At the same time, it is noted that typically in Eurasian countries agreements are mostly bilateral in nature, and with a number of countries such agreements do not concluded. This situation is an obstacle to further economic integration in Eurasia.For several logistics projects implementation, transit on the Eurasian territory it is advisable to develop harmonised bilateral agreements which provide different levels of liberalization that would allow moving gradually from one level to another. Also, the gradual transition from a bilateral to multi-party agreements is examined. It is noted that simultaneously with the liberalization of international road transport it is necessary to harmonize the conditions of access to the market for national carriers, as well as to create equal conditions of competition. The Quantitative Analysis of Road Transport Agreements (QuARTA) by the World Bank study was used as a methodology.
The article demonstrates that the evolution of the Intermodal Loading Units (ILU) gives new opportunities for the supply chains development. The characteristics of particular ILU's used on the European transportation market. The tendencies of the ILU design evolution are analyzed as well as the prospects for their use on the transport services market
The main terms of logistics and management tse-are considered and analysed deliveries in a historical foreshortening. It is shown that the conceptual device and terminothe logistics logiya constantly develops. With ideology emergence «Supply Chain Management» – «management of chains of deliveries» occurs a certain shift and division between logistics and SCM not only separate terms, but also conceptual semantic categories. Structurization of concepts of logistics in respect of objective and process podkho-is given yes to research and design of logistic systems. The glossary of wasps is providednovny terms of logistics and SCM.
Should manager consider time value of money within modern models of inventory management? Which will be the right decision from all accessible possibilities? The article provides the idea, that aspects and attributes of such choice can be correlated with efficiency indicators of mentioned systmes and will be dependend on goals of optimization. Provided pictures have to exclude finally all possible doubts in format of consideration of money flows in real supply chains within inventory management.
This article explores the possibilities of modern simulation modeling in the tasks of design and supply chain modeling as systems with structural and dynamic complexity, the study of which should be carried out taking into account multiple risk factors and uncertainties, considering and evaluating the efficiency, dynamism, flexibility and adaptability of the SC based on a variety of indicators used in logistic practice. The use of simulation modeling requires the adaptation of modern managerial techniques and approaches used in logistic practice with the technique of simulation modeling . Useful management techniques based on the use of simulation techniques in the analysis and modeling of SCs are considered, as well as methods of constructing conceptual models of the SC and analysis of the SC using simulation modeling, iterative simulation and optimization procedures for integrated research and optimization of the SC. A review of the capabilities of various simulation paradigms for analyzing SCs and a review of related scientific literature are also being conducted. It is shown in particular that process simulation modeling is effective for describing the network structure and logistic processes in the SC and is actively used in reengineering projects based on SCOR-recommendations. System-dynamic models of adaptive supply chains allow you to study the complex interaction of material, information and financial flows in the SC, to analyze the stability of the SC, to coordinate the business strategy and logistics strategy of the company. Agent-based simulation modeling makes it possible to describe the behavior, processes of cooperation, coordination and inter-organizational interaction of the participants of the SC and reconfigurable network structures of the SC.