In this article the original concept of political meaning of public trust and distrust is considered. Differently from usual interpretation of any distrust as unconditionally negative factor, the author offers more differentiated approach. He considers reasonable political distrust to power as a one of premises for political progress, because it is one of foundations for liberal ideology.
Main objective of this aticle is to reveal the role of business reputation the problematic sociojuridical environment, in which Russian business operates today. Special attention is drawn to the estimation of the level of intensity of civilized business attributes (severity of aw compliance, business liabilities, ethics, etc.) in the features, according to which successful businessmen and managers identify companies with good business reputation today. Another important issue considered in the article is most typical types of business reputation in contemporary Russia.
In the current paper I analyze business ethics orientations of representatives of Russian business society in order to reveal whether they are relevant to the sociocultural modernization. Namely, the level of modernization of ethical orientations of business community is estimated. Both attitudes towards business ethics and towards strict adherence to the law are the key factors of sociocultural modernization. A number of in-depth interviews with the graduates of MBA programs and the survey of MBA students serve as empirical base of the study. MBA students represent different groups of business community sharing the same intention – orientation on human capital accumulation and openness to new. According to the results, the representatives of business community consider business ethics very important and admit that it is obligatory to follow it. At the same time, they opine that the benefits of following business ethics is more evident in long-term perspective, whereas in short-term perspective it can lead to negative consequences. The viewpoints about the relation between business ethics and strict adherence to the law differ a lot.