The task of this work is to reveal the forms of spatial transformation of the Moscow metropolitan area due to the sectoral and radial differentiation of housing construction. The research is based on the monitoring of all multi-story housing projects under construction and development. These projects are classified by size class, location relative to existing housing stock, housing prices, and distance from highways. The localization of housing projects relative to the main highways changes non-linearly as the distance from the Moscow Ring Road increases. The core of the Moscow metropolitan area is relatively evenly sprawling in the 10-km zone outside the Moscow Ring Road. The nearest suburban zone of Moscow Oblast is being developed not only along key highways, but a significant part of housing projects is implemented in inter-highway intervals. As the distance from the Moscow Ring Road exceeds 10 km, the urban sprawl is replaced by the strengthening of the axes of the settlement pattern along main transport corridors (highways and railways), and the distance of projects from the highways decreases. This trend is particularly evident in the northeastern, eastern and southeastern segments of the suburban zone. In the peripheral zone of the Moscow metropolitan area, projects are concentrated mainly on the outskirts of existing towns, and the distance from highways increases in comparison with the suburban zone.
The article deals with the types of spatial transformation of urban public transport networks in post-communist countries of CEC and the former Soviet Union from 1989 to 2009.
Oxidative stress is a universal response of the skin cell damage of various origins. Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS, sodium lauryl sulfate) is an anionic surfactant commonly used as an emulsifying detergent in household cleaners. Sodium dodecyl sulfate is the reference compound for testing toxicity on cellular skin models. The effect of sodium dodecyl sulfate in sub toxic dose 25 μg/mL during 48 h on the protein profile of human keratinocytes HaCaT was studied by tandem mass spectrometry with electrospray ionization. In total, 1064 proteins were found in immortalized human keratinocytes HaCaT, of which about 80% were identified by two or more peptides. The change of the 217 proteins content was revealed, among them 39 according to Gene Ontology are associated with oxidative stress. It has been found that sodium dodecyl sulfate leads to a decrease in the number of proteins/peptides containing carboxymethylated and/or carboxyethylated lysine. We concluded about the promising of the cells redox-balance analysis at testing chemicals in the doses, which do not lead to a decrease in their viability. Possible involvement of sodium dodecyl sulfate in the development of cutaneous neoplasia is discussed.
The possible propagation of localized wave structures such as dust-acoustic solitons in dusty ionospheric plasma containing photoelectrons, electrons and ions of the ionosphere, and charged dust particles is considered. Intervals of the possible soliton velocities and amplitudes are determined. Solitary wave solutions for various dimensions and concentrations of particles in dusty ionospheric plasma are found.
n the framework of the axisymmetric model, the changes in the shape of the radiation belts of the Earth and energy spectra of charged particles in them during the inversion of the geomagnetic field. Areas the sustainable existence of radiation belts are obtained analytically by a generalization of the theory Shtermer in the case of an axisymmetric quadrupole. An inversion scenario is proposed in which it is shown that gradual reduction of radiation belts can occur with a decrease dipole component of the modern geomagnetic field. Space-energy The distribution of proton and electron flux densities, which made it possible to determine the maximum the maximum dose rate of radiation on various magnetic shells during the inversion process.
Authors demonstrate that arising disbalance of supply and demand generates the set of problems for the business organisation, such as high order periods, loss of clients in case of shortage, high total costs, and low efficiency of industrial lines. Eventually, all this factors essentially influence on achievement of company’s strategic goals and undermine corporate market image. Because of developing of integration and cooperation in supply chains, increasing attention in business organisations is given to technology «joint planning of sales and operations/production» (Sales and Operations Planning – S&OP). Article’s purpose is to analyse, how implementing of S&OP technology will affect on solving of mentioned problems (on the example of «Huhtamaki C.I.S.» company). The meaning of planning of sales and operations is made out as a cycle of meetings (stages) repeating in the same sequence every month and subordinating a making decision process.
Analysis of regional differentiation of buyers activity on primary real estate market of Moscow agglomeration is based on data on addresses of their initial registration. Acquisition of real estate by nonresident buyers (17% of transactions in Moscow and 23% in Moscow oblast) provides housing for about 100 000 people per year, or 40% of annual net migration. Agglomeration economies support the activity of buyers from St. Petersburg, factor of natural rent– from Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okrugs (6,4%), especially in city of Moscow. Majority of non-local customers, especially in Moscow oblast, are from Russian provincial areas, earning financial resources on the labor market of the capital region. Share of buyers from first-order neighboring regions exceeds their share in the population by 2.1 times due to factor of distance.
The dynamics of the population of cities and regions of Russia for the periods 1989-2002 and 2002-2010. The dependence of the position changes in the system of the regional center - intra Peripherals separately - urban and rural territory
According to the results of Q1 2017, in 34 Russian regions households' incomes increased as compared to the relevant period of the previous year, however, in most constituent entities of the Russian Federation (62 regions) consumption kept falling. The crisis is not yet over on regional labor markets despite the low level of the inflation rate. In 15-20 most problem regions, partial employment is going down slowly and wage arrears are growing again. In the period under review, social expenditures of regional budgets rose ahead of the inflation rate thanks to considerable growth in revenues. As generations which are currently at the peak of their reproduction age are small, Russia has entered a long period (at least for a decade) of a falling birth rate. Unlike 2016, this trend has affected all the regions of the Russian Federation. Though the death rate keeps falling, it is not enough to offset the reduction of the birth rate: in January-April 2017 the natural decline in the population amounted to 93,000 people.
Sir Boris Uvarov (1886–1970) became widely known after his move to London (1920) as an orthopterologist and organizer of locust control in the colonies of the British Empire. The present paper is focused on his early steps in the field of applied entomology: his first anti-locust campaign in Stavropol Krai (1911–1914), which seemed to be useful for his skills of a locust fighter. In 1900–1910s, chemical warfare on insect pests was spreading in Russia replacing old-fashioned “mechanical” methods. Novel technologies required a deep reorganization of anti-locust service, including hiring skilled workers and scientific experts. The role of Fyodor Lebedev (an expert in pest management at the Department of Agriculture, 1858–1927) in the early stages of the campaign was decisive. The technologies of chemical warfare and organization of antilocust squads as well as specifics of organizing an antilocust campaign under contemporary political and economical conditions are described.