According to a systematic review of published data in both the national and international scientific indexing systems, including the results of our own researches, there have been selected evidence-based criteria and internal genotype-phenotype risk determinants for assessing the individual susceptibility to the acute cold exposure. In accordance with these criteria, the list of cold-related health conditions was defined. This list includes 33 classes and groups of diseases and conditions by ICD-10 codes, arising from or tightly associated with the cold exposure. According to the comorbidity principles, the novel quantitative predictive model for assessing the individual susceptibility to the acute cold exposure was developed and validated. This assessment takes into account, in addition to the meteorological risk factors, also internal risk determinants, including physical status, behavioral, pathogenic and functional disorders, as well as receiving thermoregulation-altering pharmaceuticals prescribed by recommended therapeutic doses. The algorithm for calculating the individual health risk and recommended time limits based on the use of suggested comorbidity index for the acute exposure to cold in an open area or in unheated premises without special active thermal protection is described.
The paper represents an application of agent based approach for simulation modeling as the new way to create epidemic models. It is much differed from common disease spreading simulation technique, which uses differential equations. The AnyLogic 6 agent based computer simulation model of the influenza spreading was created. The model allows making a short-range sickness rate forecast based on current morbidity statistics.
Evidence based medicine (EBM) is a bridge between the science and the medical practice. Today there is a range of terms in use, and there is a discussion on their application. IN this text authors discuss the essense of the EBM, specifically - the process of proving the statement.
Theoretical analysis of the spatial cognition's scientific problem is presented in the article. Historical conditionality of the scientific problem in the psychology and psychiatry is dealt with. Spatial cognition and it's distortions' within the neuro-mental pathology ontogenesis is considered in the article.
The paper presents a brief analysis on the quality of cause-specific mortality statistics at old ages in Russia. Two aspects are in focus: the regional differences in approaches for choosing the underlying cause of death and the comparison of Russian coding practice with the practices of some other European countries. The results obtained indicate that there are certain problems with the quality of cause-of-death coding at old ages in Russia. No unified approach to coding deaths as caused by “Senility” is used at a sub-national level. This leads to the distortion of the regional cause-specific mortality structures. Furthermore for many groups of causes Russian death rates are much lower than those in European countries. This peculiarity is caused by the specificity of Russian cause-of-death coding practice which results in underestimating the mortality from certain causes at old ages.
The mortality rate from external causes in general and individual causes within this class in Russia is two times higher than similar levels in the developed countries. However, a number of researchers who deal with medical certification of the death, have written about the underestimation of mortality from external causes such as homicides, suicides, alcohol poisonings, etc. and translating them into latent form. In this regard, on the topic of external reasons, an interview was held with leading experts in the field of demography, statistics and medicine. On the basis of studying experts' opinion article describes issues of quantitative and qualitative statistical registration of mortality from external causes in Russia. According to experts, statistics on external causes must be published on detailed codes of the ICD-10. So, despite the fact that overall levels of mortality from external causes and their types are seen on the basis of the Mortality Tabulation List of ICD-10, but it is often insufficient for a deep and detailed analysis of the mortality. The experts also opined on the reasons for the growth of injuries with undetermined intent, and ways to reduce mortality from these causes, among which the main are changing in the requirements for filling and modification of procedure for issuance of death certificates; legislative securing the position that a beginning of the investigation should serve as a statement, a message about the crime, and not a rule of procedure on the criminal case; cardinal improvement of the system of forensic examination.
Methodological premises for the problem of spatial notions within the normal and disturbed development are considered in the article. Spatial notions’ role as a basis component of the human cognitive activity.
Russian professional associations have passed all the stages of institutionalization and stopped at the stage of establishing of legitimate self-regulation system. Professional associations aimed to unite professionals and manage them were created at different periods. There is a set of restrictions for the cooperation of professional associations and professionals, including an association’s leaders competition and professionals disagreement to join an organization that will manage all the associations and all professionals. The research is based on an analysis of interviews with the leaders of professional associations, and content analysis of information resources professional organizations