The wave of mass migration of the Mali to France started in the 1960s: young villagers came to the country for several months or years, then returned, and their brothers and sons would now go to take their place. In France of the time there emerged a notion of “Mali hostels”; these were hostels which grew sporadically or were officially organized, and those resided in them were the Mali coming out of the same village or area. The article examines the history of Mali migration to France and analyzes the role of “Mali hostels” as social organisms in city space. The article draws on interviews conducted in 2010–2011.
Modern organizations are no longer just formal rational entities for researchers – they have proved to have a culture, and their employees are real people. One way to hear those people’s voices is listening to stories they tell. Storytelling in organizations uncovers internal events and their interpretations, allows revealing the hidden world of emotions, where there are power conflicts, values interiorization (or denial), and new order development. Three stories told by the employees of the “Russian Post” Moscow Head office show the employees’ perception of organizational change, launched by the managerial shift in 2013. Personnel changes, communication between the Head office and periphery, as well as the interaction among the departments and with the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation are viewed through the metaphors of “drama”, “unmanaged organization” and “storytelling organization”. A common phrase “Well, that’s the Postal Service!” turns out to be much more complex and concealing a set of problems and processes, not all of which have yet been realized even within the organization.
The article examines the practice of feeding ancestors and spirits that is encountered among the Asiatic Yupik. The most organized and ritualized way of feeding can be seen in the commemoration of the dead. The author describes in detail the contemporary commemoration ritual of the Asiatic Yupik; he shows its variations as well as individual traits of the present social and ritual context, in which the commemoration ritual is performed.
The article discusses the conceptions of the Russians that are held by the contemporary Chinese. The research draws on popular literature on Russia, published in China during the last ten years, as well as on Chinese Internet materials and the author's own fieldwork. It is peculiar, the author notes, that in the sources studied, there are scarce mentions of the attributes that are common for both the Chinese and the Russians; whereas what is typically underlined is the controversial nature of the Russians, which is conceived as a negative feature or even a hindrance to mutual understanding. Relationships between the spouses or between different generations within a Russian family, as the contemporary Chinese see them, appear rather far from their own ideal. At the same time, the upbringing of children in Russia is assessed fairly positively, while the image of the Russian woman has much appeal among the residents of contemporary China.
Despite the standpoint that postulates the presence of a tight boundary between the state and the church in the area of education and that currently dominates in the public space, there are projects that are being initiated and realized today and that let us question its consistency. The aim of the article is to discuss these impossible projects exploiting the friction at the overlap. This article draws on participant observation fi eldnotes, as well as 24 in-depth interviews with the staff, students, and graduates of a private Orthodox Christian University, conducted in 2011. In interpreting the research results, the author employs the principle of explaining the entrepreneurial exploitation of uncertainty, which was introduced by David Stark who expounded on the notion of heterarchy as an organizational form conducive to the productive untangling of complex situations.
Within the past three decades, the issue of “social neighborhoods”, or banlieues, in France went hand in hand with problems of youth from migrant families. During the 1980s, France began speaking about the generation of youth that came from mi- grant families and became the new dwellers of social neighborhoods in the suburbs which had been built since the early 1960s for the poor. In the following years, the state made attempts to address the most critical issues of the suburbs, such as unem- ployment, crime, and violence, but they did not yield the desired result. The article discusses France’s policies toward the banlieues and examines the social situation in those areas during the last decade.
A review of a book by French sociologist Carolin Ibos based on the the results of an ethnographic study of female immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa in Paris
The review contains the analysis of the monograph of the famous Russian ethnographer and philologist Serafima Nikitina. Her work is of great importance for development of a technique of the description and the analysis of religious movements of the latest period of history. She demonstrates that studying of daily occurrence requires absolutely understanding oral the practician of language in which the structure and integrity of confessional system, and also the logician of her potential changes in regional measurement is reflected.
The article derives from the results of ethnographic research conducted by the author in 2003- 2010 and draws on fi eldwork data and focused biographical interviews (2007-2010) with technical specialists working in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, and Rostov-on-Don. The goal of the article is to take the area known as data recovery for a case study and illustrate the active part that user communities play in maintaining computerized technologies, developing innovations, and shaping technological service markets.
This paper is dedicated to two phenomena of contemporary Moscow Muslim life – the loud zikr (dhikr) of the Kunta Haji wird of the Qadiri tariqah, practised by Chechens and Ingush; and the religious practices of the Central Asian “uninstitutionalised” mullahs. Both spiritual practices are popular and have great significance for a considerable proportion of Moscow Muslims, including for those who do not directly participate in them. What both practices have in common is also found in their marginal nature with regard both to institutionalised Moscow Islam and to the Wahhabist trend which is now gathering steam here. This is an attempt to identify some specific features of contemporary Moscow Islam through the analysis of certain practices.
In studying Classic Maya mythology scholars meet two main problems. First, we don’t dispose with long narrative texts that are known from other early civilizations. Second, Maya mythology is still (re)constructed on the basis of Popol Vuh. In our paper we argue that the use of typology of mythological motives and themes can be very helpful in further studies. In the early 2000s several epigraphers independently recognized a possible mention of the shaping of the first people in the hieroglyphic texts on the Classic Maya pictorial ceramics. We argue that this motif has strong parallels it the Tzotzil creation myths documented in the 20th century. Comparative study of the hieroglyphic texts and iconography on ceramics and the Maya folklore shows that among the Classic Maya there existed three main types of anthropogonic motifs: (1) origin from the deer people, (2) emergence of the first people from a cave and (3) creation of humans from clay by gods.