This article is an attempt to highlight the issues, associated with a latency of crimes under Art. 170 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, and to propose mechanisms to detect these criminal violations. The author analyzes the reasons hindering the identification of the crimes, described in the article. In the present article also discusses the features of investigative jurisdiction of a crime under Art. 170 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, which may also influence the degree of latency of this crime.
The article analyzes the issues of enforcement anti-corruption expertise in period allocated by the author of the stages of its implementation in the territory of the Russian Federation, defined the problematic issues when using the methods of the anti-corruption expertise, analyzes the experience of anti-corruption expertise in the Perm Region by public experts.
The article is dedicated to historical analysis of crimes committed on securities market till the 20th century. Important part of the article is indication of economic conditions. Thanks for it the meaning of legal acts becomes clear. The author concludes on existence the developed securities market and necessary criminal rules to its protection.
Characteristics is given to the concepts “housing”, “residential premise”; legal category “residential premise” is considered from the point of view of embodiment of national (basic) standard housing, established by the State; system of viewpoint of European Court in Human Rights under the name “concept of housing” developing from authority to authority is being analyzed; the issue of diffusion of inter-subject concepts “housing” and “residential premise” in connection with the process of State integration into common legal and economic European space is being considered; the shortcomings of legal definition “residential premise” are being disclosed, as not reflecting its essence, purposefulness and variety of forms of its existence; in this respect the main conclusion on introduction of changes into art.15 and 16 of Housing Code has been made.
This article deals with the urgent legislative and criminological issues of combating trafficking of human beings. The author analyzes principal trends in slavery legislation, transformation of slavery from legal economic activity to criminal activity, and also gives a brief overview of slavery and trafficking of human beings as a social phenomenon. Main subjects of the article are Russian legislature on trafficking of human beings, its issues and drafting, comparison of the Russian criminal law on trafficking of human beings (art. 1271, 1272 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) with corresponding propositions of the civil law of the Russian Federation (sale-purchase, permutation etc.). In the final part the article gives examples of actual legal norms, taken from legislature of the countries, leading in the process of combating trafficking of human beings (such as USA and countries of the European Union), and describes the current condition of the Russian legislature on trafficking of human beings and its expected efficiency.
The article highlights some features of arising the opposition trends in the Communist Party in the period from 1985 to 1991. Historical comprehension of the analyzed political events is based on system methodology; it allows to consider some opposition trends in the CPSU from the position of the public system which they represented and defended. Specific character of social and power relations in the USSR in the 80-ies - 90-ies of XX century revealed itself at the level of functioning the contrary vectors of political opposition. The paradox of the transitional historical situation was that, first, one and the same political party, the bloc, the movement acted as system forces and nonsystem ones simultaneously; second, in the destroying Soviet social system both the system opposition forces and the nonsystem ones arose in the CPSU itself. The results of the content analysis of materials on foreign policy issues that were published in such newspapers as Pravda, Izvestia, Komsomolskaya Pravda, Soviet Russia from April, 3-9, 1989, revealed the explicit and implicit acceptance of new political and socio-economic values by different social groups and the perception of new value grasps mostly by those social groups that were closer to the powerful Soviet institutions or they represented this power. Therefore, the first opposition tendencies appeared in the Communist Party. Due to the authorized "democratization" of Soviets the opportunities for legal registration and functioning of opposition forces being nonsystem to the collapsing Soviet social system appeared.
The article deals with the causes of ideological and organizational crisis of once the single party. The emphasis is on the description of main opposition movements emerged on the eve of the XXVIIIth Congress of the CPSU; the Democratic Platform in the Communist Party (DP), the Marxist Platform in the CPSU platform (MP) and the Platform of Initiative Congress of Russian Communists which was reorganized later into the Communist Initiative Movement. The main issues of discussion between the opposition intraparty blocks were the attitude to Soviets, attitude to reforming the Communist Party, as well as attitude to reforming the Soviet social system as a whole.
The author concludes that after the XXVIIIth Congress till August 1991 significant structural and ideological changes not allowing to resist the destructive nonsystem forces took place in the CPSU. Unlike its opponents the once unified Communist Party was in ideological and organizational crisis. One of the features of the period analysed was the existence of a wide range of opposition forces in the depths of the CPSU, since at the level of current political regime the party itself the allowed the system and nonsystem forces to coexist simultaneously.
. Based on the needs of the fight against crime (transnational, organized crime, economic, environmental, etc.), it is extremely important to ensure mutual assistance, coordination of efforts, the development of cooperation and the achievement of certain common goals. That is why the study of patterns, trends and specifics of the criminal and political activities at various levels, especially at the legislative, is particularly significant.
For a more detailed study of the concept of criminal policy, its functions, tasks, the article provides comparative analysis of scientific works of the specialists in the field of criminal law of Germany and Russia (Babayev M.M., Lesnikov G.Yu., Lopashenko N. A., Revin V. P.), which are closely connected to the definition of criminal policy, the identification of common and distinctive features.
The research of criminal policy of Russia and Germany, defined similar lines and distinctions: in understanding of criminal policy; problems of formation of criminal policy; subjects of criminal and political activity; the factors influencing criminal policy. There was made an attempt to resolve the fundamental question whether the criminal policy is developed in close interaction with social, political, economic, international factors.