In this study were investigated methods for assessing market openness and were determined the basic lawsof the bilateral agreements development between the parties.Careful attention was paid for the method QUASAR? its use for the market openness evaluation of transportation by air market,transportation algorithm of the method to freight services road market. In addition recomendations were allocated for furthe development of the freight road market.
The article discusses the features of the practical implementation of the concept of supply "just in sequence» (JIS). Relevance of the topic due to the need to improve the traditional methods of supply in connection with the expansion of the range of consumer preferences in the highly competitive market and the need to reduce logistics costs. The general principles and the practical results of the implementation of JIS-deliveries on the example of automobile plants are given. The formulas to calculate the costs per unit of JIS-deliveries are given. The analysis of the economic efficiency of JIS- deliveries compared to deliveries "just in time» (JIT) is made. The findings suggest that the compact arrangement of products supplied to the JIS-carts, and their turnover can reduce the cost per unit of delivered products several times. In addition, the application of the concept of JIS-deliveries brings significant economic advantages as a result of logistics "pull" techniques and lean manufacturing that can reduce buffer zones for storage of semi-finished products and reduce storage areas for delivered products. According to the criterion of logistics costs per unit of output, investigated the optimal scope of JIS - deliveries depending on transport distances. The study showed that the JIS-deliveries over short distances (up to 10km) are more beneficial than those deliveries over long distances. The reasons of reducing the effectiveness of the JIS - deliveries over long distances are given as a result of violation of the principle of "through-load unit." Practical recommendations are given for the broad implementation and improvement of economic efficiency of JIS-deliveries; the requirements to unified information system are formulated.
It is shown that one way to overcome the negative impact of the crisis is to build a strate-gy for supply chain management (SCM). Designated a set of factors motivating companies to enter the level of institutional coordination and integration, the underlying SCM. Select the ex-ample of some typical disturbances in supply chains associated with the economic crisis. The ability of companies to respond to the demand determines the level of integration and technolo-gical flexibility in solving problems of SCM. It is shown that changes in consumer preferences encourage companies to reconfigure the supply chain. All of these processes occupy a key posi-tion in the strategic planning of supply chains.
In the article it is studied the terminology and clarified the concept of «Best Practice» which means the best business practices in logistics and SCM. It is defined constraints and specific factors of best practices analysis and implementation. Best practices in the field of logistics and SCM in such companies as “Prologis” and “Gartner Research” as well as the project “MIT 2020 Council” and prepared by European Logistics Association project “Best Log” are studied as specific examples.
It is shown that in the "Rating of Top 25" companies Gartner Research, the world's best supply chain in 2014, has identified four key trends: a return to business growth after the economic crisis, a focus on the supply chain flexibility increase, a supply chains simplification via standardization of the manufactured products and provided services and an implementation of “multi-local” operational strategies. Analysis of the «Best Log» project shows that advanced logistics practice focuses on simultaneous representation and integration of social, environmental and economic principles that will positively impact not only on the environment and society, but also on economic performance in the long-run time period.
It is proved that the focus on “best practices” allows companies to develop sustainable supply chains, increase market share, build a trusting relationship of focus company with customers and suppliers in supply chains, differentiate its own brand and optimize logistics solutions.
In the article process maturity model selection as an effective tool for diagnosing vulnerability of logistics processes, the characteristic of the process maturity concept and a typology of maturity models used in logistics and supply chain management. Just describe the main stages of development maturity model of logistic processes, the proposed method is demonstrated by the development of maturity model to assess vulnerability of domestic construction companies regarding logistics risks.
This article discusses perspectives of the use of monitoring systems in the enterprises of the manufacturing sector of logistics. The case for the implementation of such systems on real production facilities was considered. The economic efficiency of using monitoring systems was analyzed. For this, three scenarios were created under which it is possible to make mistakes when performing the business process of determining the need for inventory items. The first of them described a situation in which the time of error detection was 1 day; the second scenario suggested an increase in the time of failure to 2 days; scenario 3 described the use of the real-time monitoring system and described situation in which failure in the supply chain caused by shortage of goods was determined instantly. After that, these scenarios were analyzed on the basis of existing contract for production of certain number of finished products. It is shown that the monitoring system can significantly reduce batch production time due to a significant reduction in the probability of making mistakes. Finally, it was shown how the implementation of monitoring and automation system for a number of tasks affects the efficiency of business processes.
The article reveals the problems of implementing in Russia the technological platform “Digital SCM/logistics” which is an indispensable part of digital economy model being currently created in Russia. The article looks at the main problems, prospects and obstacles preventing the formation of Digital SCM/logistics. Overwhelming analysis of functionality of digital SCM/logistics is provided with such parts of the latter as Big Data, IoT, Blockchain technology, Cloud service, e-SCM, 3D Printing and others. Functional organization model of competence Centre of competence in the field of Digital SCM/logistics as a basis for technological platform construction in Russia is given. The role of HSE School of Logistics and International Centre of Logistics in creating and development of digital logistics/SCM is shown. The academic staff’s best practices of scientific project capacities concerning Digital SCM/logistics issues of academic staff are introduced.
The paper analyses the demand planning process from supply chain management perspective. The place of the analyzed process in SCOR and GSCF models is investigated. Main steps of the process are clarified: analysis and preparation of historical data; statistical forecasting; manual expert correction of the forecast; forecast verification and confirmation; quality monitoring of forecast and process. Approaches to process data organization are investigated; terminology in this area is presented. The key forecasting methods are analyzed including: qualitative/subjective, cause and effect, time series. Key forecasting models for demand planning in supply chains are systemized. The importance of the quality monitoring of forecasts is highlighted. Main methods of determination of exceptional situations are presented. Key requirements for informational systems of demand planning are formalized. Overview of popular software tools for demand planning is presented.
A scope of a new order fulfilment planning methodology is provided including order promising, material allocation, production planning and scheduling. An experience of successful implementation of the planning methodology at American special steel maker is provided.
A problem of the designing of rational distribution network for a retail industry is observed in the article. The principle of rationality of a distribution network is described as a connection between a distribution network design and goals / requirements of a corporate strategy with a breakdown by different formats, sales regions and product categories. Authors proposed five-step approach for the designing of a rational distribution network, including a classification of a retail company, identification of corporate strategy’ requirements for a distribution network, a linkage of these requirements with strategic goals in logistics for separate elements and objects in a distribution network, mathematical formalization of the joint objective function and the system of restrictions for the network modeling and optimization.
Inventory reduction has become one of the main activities undertaken by most companies both in Russia and in the world. Companies strive to be efficient, especially in the present situation of economic recession. However, it is often the case that management does not fully understand what lies behind the dry figures of financial reports. Inventory is necessary for any company, it helps the company to function properly and meet the customers’ demand on time. Therefore, thorough planning is crucial before any project on inventory reduction comes into effect. The first step for this project should be understanding the inventory structure. Without such understanding the company runs the risk of out of stock situation which results in profit lost and customers dissatisfied.
There is a lot of information in both electronic and printed resources about how one can stratify one’s inventory, basing on the goods’ position in the production process, or the purpose the inventory serves, or some other criteria. We will look at the example of a global FMCG company, which divides its inventory into several categories basing on the category’s purpose or root-cause of existence (transit, block, quarantine, prebuild, safety, cycle, overstock, residual).
The company’s example shows how inventory can be successfully managed, taking into consideration each category’s specifics and addressing them by various means capable of influencing exactly this type of inventory, thus reducing stock on hand while not endangering service level.
Author describes the method of stock replenishment spare parts by automotive dealers based on queuning theory. It is presented, that increase in costs from stock deficit of spare parts and decrease in storage costs lead to greater effective stock value to be stored on dealers’ warehouse. Limits in the model are Poisson type of requestes flows and stock replenishment of spare parts by automotive dealers.