In this work, we analyze attitudes of the Russian people toward government price regulation, free international trade and immigration. We compared responses of individuals questioned in the year 2013 in the framework of RLMS-HSE survey, and showed mean difference of economic liberal preferences of Russians with different social and economic backgrounds. Our analysis demonstrates that most Russian people do not share economic liberal values. Russians treat free trade, immigration and economic consequences of immigration with caution but relatively liberally. Using regression analysis, we show positive correlation of individual education, wealth, business experience and positive economic expectations with economic liberal preferences. We documented that representatives of senior age group prefer price regulation and protectionism more. We also conducted regression analysis of relation between economic liberal preferences and other specific factors commonly considered in the field literature. Our main results are in line with findings widely discussed in the field literature.
The author describes emotional attachment of three different categories of Muscovites to the Kitay-gorod area; they are (1) residents of this area, (2) tour guides who conduct city tours, and (3) Muscovites who often spend their time in this area. Different practices of using this space raise the question about local semantic mapping.
Regarding urban space as interaction between human and places, the author turns to mental maps. As mental maps require formalized and well-grounded methods of analysis, the basic method used in this study was space syntax method; other tools such as observation techniques, GPS tracking, and social and mental mapping were also used. Results show that three different groups of people provide different description of the same places. It was concluded that there is spatial order and semantic organization of places people are attached to.
The results of the study can be further used in urban development and planning.