The article discusses fundraising – the process of mobilizing resources from external sources for the purpose of public good. The analysis is based on the data from standardized face-to-face interviews with the leaders of nongovernmental organizations in 33 regions of the Russian Federation collected in 2015 (N=850), and in-depth interviews with NGO leaders and specialists on fundraising. The article describes the situation with fundraising from different sources, such as government institutions at different levels, business, nongovernmental organizations, foundations, population; assesses use of different fundraising methods and channels; depicts causes which attract donations most easily; defines trends and perspectives of development of fundraising practices in Russia.
The article is a review of the ESOMAR Qualitative Research Conference ('Qualitative ascending, harnessing its true value') that was held in Boston, USA, in November 2002. The focus is on the stateofthe-art qualitative research, and more specifically, on the focus groups as the most common and well-known tool in the research practice. Two basic issues are discussed: evolution of the method, and application of the focus group methodology in the emerging markets. The authors' conclusion, illustrated by the case studies reported at the Conference, is that the 'classic' focus group now undergoes the process of transformation towards the much softer and bricolage methodological techniques aimed to provide better insights into consumer motivations and behavior. The case studies that describe situation in the emerging or unstable markets (former Eastern Germany, Gulf states, Indonesia, Argentina) are reviewed from the perspective of their similarity with the dramatic processes going on in modern Russia.
Abstract. The article is devoted to a focused interview in the classic concept of Robert Merton. The purpose of the article is to reconstruct the features of the FI method and the criteria for assessing the quality of its results for further systematic comparisons of various outwardly similar techniques and systematization of criteria for assessing the quality of their results. The specifics of a focused interview are analyzed in detail. We consider four key criteria for the effectiveness of a focused interview (completeness, specificity, depth, personal context), an attempt is made to group the criterion on two grounds. The first basis is the "quality of stimulus reflection", which includes such characteristics as completeness, specificity. The second basis is the "quality of the reflection of the stimulus image," which includes the following characteristics in Robert Merton's concept: depth, personal context.
In a holistic process of focused interview, it is advisable to distinguish two phases: the phase of the organization of perception of the stimulus (situation) and the phase of reporting the results of the perception of the situation.
In the phase of the organization of perception (the same) situation (the same referent), focusing (directionality) is encouraged, whereas in the phase of communicating response reactions to a single (objectively identical) stimulus, the defocusing is fundamentally encouraged for all stimuli.
The author conclude that in analyzing the data of a focused interview, three components are distinguished: an objective situation, a subjective definition of the situation, reactions to the objective situation in accordance with its subjective definition.
The author conclude that the "focused interview" method, with all visible pluses, has a number of limitations: (1) narrowness, in a focused interview, the most specific and specified stimulus is discussed, (2) the method is limited, a focused interview in the Mertonian sense is not applicable when discussion of topics that are not and cannot be the subject of a common, shared by all experience, (3) time constraints - the incentive can be forgotten, revised due to the passage of a large amount of time from the moment of its impact to the moment of its discussion.
Irina A. Krutiy, Konstantin S. Fursov in their article "Goals and Motivation for Entering the Universities" study the major motivation for taking up higher education and choosing the educational options, as well as formulate the key criteria applied by the school graduates in the process of selection of the university.
Based upon the results of the all- Russian representative survey conducted by the Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 2014, the paper explores norms and values of Russians. According to the study, Russia is characterized by a high degree of differentiation of values people are guided in everyday life: both rational culture, based on self-expression and initiative, and a culture of passive adaptation to the existing environment live side by side. The degree of the value differentiation of norms reflecting the views of the country’s internal and external image is much lower; and the statism values still prevail over the liberal ones. What brings Russians with different value systems together is the common need for social justice as the key purpose of the country`s development; at the same time, the representations about its content differ depending on the group.
In this work, we analyze attitudes of the Russian people toward government price regulation, free international trade and immigration. We compared responses of individuals questioned in the year 2013 in the framework of RLMS-HSE survey, and showed mean difference of economic liberal preferences of Russians with different social and economic backgrounds. Our analysis demonstrates that most Russian people do not share economic liberal values. Russians treat free trade, immigration and economic consequences of immigration with caution but relatively liberally. Using regression analysis, we show positive correlation of individual education, wealth, business experience and positive economic expectations with economic liberal preferences. We documented that representatives of senior age group prefer price regulation and protectionism more. We also conducted regression analysis of relation between economic liberal preferences and other specific factors commonly considered in the field literature. Our main results are in line with findings widely discussed in the field literature.
The article focuses on the inequality based on disabilities. The analysis includes dynamics of social statuses of people with and without disabilities as well as their comparison with reference to current social policies. The research is based on the RLMS-HSE data. The comparative analysis of social positions of people with and without disabilities has allowed identifying the inequalities in many significant areas of life (education, labor activities, etc.). The analysis also shows that there are people with disabilities who do not feel discriminated; they take responsibility for their own lives, and have a positive view of themselves. The author gives an attempt to compare this social group with other social exclusion groups.
The author describes emotional attachment of three different categories of Muscovites to the Kitay-gorod area; they are (1) residents of this area, (2) tour guides who conduct city tours, and (3) Muscovites who often spend their time in this area. Different practices of using this space raise the question about local semantic mapping.
Regarding urban space as interaction between human and places, the author turns to mental maps. As mental maps require formalized and well-grounded methods of analysis, the basic method used in this study was space syntax method; other tools such as observation techniques, GPS tracking, and social and mental mapping were also used. Results show that three different groups of people provide different description of the same places. It was concluded that there is spatial order and semantic organization of places people are attached to.
The results of the study can be further used in urban development and planning.
The methodology described in the article is based on the Index of ethno-confessional tension potential, which was tested on the data of the Institute of Sociology FCTAS RAS for 2015-2018. The method is a simplified and adapted for mass polls version of the method developed by I. M. Kuznetsov and O. E. Khukhlaev for the analysis of interethnic tensions. It is shown that with a minimum number of questions about ethno-confessional tensions in the questionnaire, this technique allows to accurately measure the degree of the tension, identify its sources, determine its factors, etc. It has been demonstrated that certain elements of the Index provide important additional information on the degree of society differentiation into “Us” and “Them” by the criterion of ethno-national belonging and the acceptance of violence as such in a particular society. In combination with the data on individual indicators included in the Index, this allows obtaining very large material for analysis using 8 binary variables. The relation of the Index values with real events occurring in the interethnic sphere at the place of residence of the respondents was shown; it was demonstrated that interethnic tension has both objective and subjective grounds. Among the first are the population density in a particular region or locality, as well as the mono- or multinational character of their population. Of the objective micro-level factors, the adverse working experience of a person is most significant for the degree of the corresponding negative attitudes (first of all, the experience of recent unemployment), and of the subjective factors - the painful experience of material situation, soaring ambitions, a sense of unfairness of the current position in society and a narrowed range of interests in everyday life. The absence of a long-term planning horizon against the background of the relative non well-being reinforces the general anxiety of Russians characterized by these features and their need to find psychological protection in such ascriptive identity as an ethno-national belonging.