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Regular version of the site
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Article
Гаврилов Э. П. Патенты и лицензии. Интеллектуальные права. 2015. № 10. С. 2-7.
Added: Jan 27, 2016
Article
Гаврилов Э. П. Патенты и лицензии. Интеллектуальные права. 2010. № 8. С. 8-13.

Foreign patenting faces a number of difficulties: necessity of preparation of a great number of demands, payment of great sums by the patent attorney in the form of patent fees. Work of patent departments is duplicated. Two international mechanisms facilitate these difficulties: Paris convention on protection of industrial property (1883) Patent cooperation treaty (1970). E.P.Gavrilov – doctor of sciences, professor, chair of the civil low of the state university Heigher school of economy the partisipant of the soviet delegation at this conference recollects this conference.

copyright, exclusive right, copyrighted works, successors of the author, the assignee

 

Added: Oct 2, 2012
Article
Гаврилов Э. П. Патенты и лицензии. Интеллектуальные права. 2015. № 7. С. 17-22.
Added: Jan 27, 2016
Article
Muravyeva M. G. Russian History. 2016. Vol. 43. No. 3-4. P. 338-471.

The abduction of women is closely connected with traditional or primitive societies. Anthropologists tie it with alternative marriage arrangements, characteristic of those systems where marriages are arranged by parents; historians tend to view the abduction of women as part of early history of developed nations, mostly the Middle Ages. In Russia, recent historiographical discussion of abductions always starts with descriptions of customary practices in Siberia to highlight the steppe and frontier experiences in the framework of colonization and underline ‘savage’ or ‘backwardness’ of Siberian populations. However, scholars almost never talk about the abduction of women within the European part. In this article, female abductions are analyzed within the framework of citizenship and modernization of the Russian Empire in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It focuses on the notion of consent and how it contributed to the founding of a new social unit, that is the family, in which women and men acquired their rights and duties in relation to outside society and wider polity. The lack of consent jeopardized the legitimacy of such a union and compromized the citizenship status of its members. On its way to build the country as a modern empire, Russian authorities localized the abduction of women as a ‘customary’ practice of ‘backwards’ people to preserve the modern European core of the Empire.

Added: Jan 3, 2017
Article
Quiang Yu. Competition Policy Research. 2016. No. 4. P. 64-75.

Superior bargaining power arises when one trading partner becomes dependent on the other. It can be abused to exploit the counterparty or to grab profi ts within a product value chain. It is necessary to apply anti-monopoly law to superior bargaining power because, firstly, abuse of a superior bargaining power distorts the product value chain and, finally, leads to higher prices or a decline in product quality. When superior bargaining power originates from an intellectual property right, its abuse will hinder both the application of the subject technology and competition in adjacent or downstream markets. Secondly, the economic relationships that abuse of superior bargaining power covers are often macroscopical. Compared to other laws and legislative proposals, anti-monopoly law is the most appropriate way to regulate superior bargaining power.

Added: Oct 12, 2017
Article
Shterin M., Dubrovsky D. The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review. 2019. No. 46. P. 211-236.

 

This article contributes to the growing body of research on the increasing role of judicial systems in regulating politics and religion (‘judicialization of politics and religion’) across the globe. By examining how academic expertise is deployed in anti-extremist litigation involving Russia’s minority religions, this article reveals important processes involved in this judicial regulation, in particular when legal and academic institutions lack autonomy and consistency of operation. It focuses on the selection of experts and the validation of their opinion within Russia’s academia and the judiciary, and identifies patterns in the experts’ approach to evidence and how they validate their conclusions in the eyes of the judiciary. Academic expertise provides an aura of legitimacy to judicial decisions in which anti-extremist legislation is used as a means to control unpopular minority religions and to regulate Russia’s religious diversity. As one of the few systematic explorations of this subject and the first focused on Russia, this article reveals important processes that produce religious discrimination and the role that anti-extremist legislation plays in these processes.

Added: Apr 29, 2019
Article
Ivanov A., Elena Voinikanis. The Antitrust Bulletin. 2017. Vol. 62. No. 4. P. 752-769 .

The Soviet system of knowledge production based on cooperation, knowledge sharing, but also intense competition was already an inspiration for innovation policymakers in the U.S. and in Europe back in the 1950 and 1960s. Nowadays, as the global economy is moving towards a new mode of production, the Soviet case may still play an important role to help to frame a better institutional approach to innovation. With the dramatic challenges already brought by the fourth industrial revolution and the tectonic economic and social shifts it is expected to cause around the world, the Soviet case with all its pros and cons is becoming more and more relevant for this debate as it provides necessary empirical data to consider other institutional approaches to innovation distinct from the established property-focused model. In this context, intellectual property and competition law scholars hopefully would better understand the Soviet innovation system through further academic studies.

Added: Oct 16, 2017
Article
Troshkina T. N. Pravo. Zhurnal Vysshey shkoly ekonomiki. 2018. No. 3. P. 1-24.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

On January 1, 2018, the Customs Code of the EAEU entered into force. Important developments are related with the fact that electronic declaration has now become an area of focus. This research paper studies the impact of the application of this form of declaration on the effectiveness of administration of customs payments. For this purpose, the author conducted an analysis of the application of information and communication technologies in the activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. It was justified that currently the required level of organization of administration of customs payments is not accomplished including due to the underdevelopment of the system for obtaining information on foreign trade prices, the lack of a systematic approach to the analysis of information on participants in foreign economic activities. The arguments are presented to confirm the conclusion that elimination of these obstacles is possible only with the use of progressive, innovative tools for administration of customs payments. The research substantiates the position that electronic declaration is the required instrument. For this purpose, an analysis of the current practice of the application of the electronic declaration and the basis for its legal regulation in the Russian Federation was conducted. The inherent positive aspects and identified unsolved problems were formulated and commented. It is indicated that the process of modernization of information technologies, including for electronic declaration, is not new, but continues to fulfill the requirements of the action plan ("road map") for improving customs administration. This statement is illustrated by the project on the administration of funds on the resource of the Unified Personal Accounts of the FCS of Russia. The conclusion is substantiated that its application can be considered an effective tool for improving the system of payment of customs payments by simplifying the calculations and reducing the time of their implementation, as well as in connection with the decrease in the influence of the human factor. The position is argued that the mechanisms of the "single window" and electronic declaration are interrelated and the efficiency of the system of customs administration as a whole and customs payments as its component depends on their development. It was established that the expectations from the application of electronic declaration, including on the improvement of the administration of customs payments, can be justified only in the event of the active convergence of national approaches among the EAEU member states in the implementation of information technology, for this purpose, an analysis of its legal framework at various levels was conducted: the legislation of the member states of the EAEU, acts of supranational and international level of regulation on the researched range of issues.

The results of the study can be applied not only in the Russian Federation, but also in all EAEU member states, where there is also no contemporary scientific basis for solving the issue under consideration.

Added: Apr 13, 2018
Article
Akopov S. Review of Central and East European Law. 2016. Vol. 41. No. 1. P. 1-26.

This article commemorates works of a renowned Russian legal scholar and human-rights activist Aidar R. Sultanov. In doing so, we will use an original methodology of the analysis of transnational intellectuals to consider the work of Sultanov illuminated by the following four approaches: the “We dimension”; the dimension of “Others”; the dimension of Sultanov’s “spatial narratives”; and key “historical narratives”. We concentrate our analysis of Sultanov not only as a legal scholar and human-rights activist but, even more broadly, as a public intellectual—some of whose cultural and philosophical premises have remained implicit but which we believe need to be explored in a brighter light. The latter are taken into consideration, in this essay, so as to speculate about the following: what elements of Sultanov’s worldview make this one of a transnational intellectual and, also, what prompts him to feel obliged to take a stand against attempts to securitize human rights at the national level in the Russian Federation?

Added: Nov 25, 2015
Article
Muravyeva Marianna. The History of the Family. 2013. Vol. 18. No. 3. P. 227-237.

The article acts as an Introduction to the speaicl issue of the journal which deals with domestic violence and authority's abuse in early modern Europe

Added: Feb 27, 2014
Article
Medushevsky A. N. Forensic Research & Criminology International Journal. 2018. Vol. 6. No. 5. P. 361-363.

To understand decision making processes in the field of public ethics, legal policy and e-government regulation it is important to understand the factors that promote, restrict, and distort the processes. This in turn requires an analysis of the failure to establish in the behaviour of institutions and individuals such values as ethics in the public IT-policy as factors for sociocultural changes, the respect for e-government legal regulation and procedures standards, and an acknowledgement of the decisions of courts as dispute resolution mechanisms. This strategy presumably provides the possibility to offer a prognostic approach, involving an analysis of the correlation between the beliefs, norms and reality, and based on previous experience of e-government regulation in national and comparative perspective.

Added: Jan 8, 2019
Article
Опарышева А. Ю., Berzin O. A. BRICS Law Review. 2016. Vol. 2. P. 263-267.

The article concerns the key aspects of alternative dispute resolutions in China and in Russia, it focuses on key issues of the operation, it describe the system of alternative dispute resolution in two different country. This article shows advantages and disadvantages of every avenues of alternative dispute resolution.

Added: Dec 29, 2016
Article
Elena Cirkovic. German Law Journal. 2010. Vol. 11. No. 8.

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled in an advisory opinion on 22 July 2010 that Kosovo’s 17 February 2008 unilateral declaration of independence from Serbia did not violate international law. The Kosovo Parliament’s declaration of independence stated that Kosovo would continue to be bound by the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 (1999) (hereinafter “SC Resolution 1244 (1999)”), as well as the Ahtisaari plan. UN Special Envoy for Kosovo Martti Ahtisaari’s proposal, produced in February 2007, defined Kosovo’s internal settlement, minority-protection mechanisms, and allowed for independence under international supervision. The proposal increased the powers devolved to Kosovar institutions but without providing for the complete removal of international oversight and authority. SC Resolution 1244 (1999) authorized the creation of an international military presence (KFOR) led by the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), an international civil presence (the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK), and laid down a framework for the administration of Kosovo. The powers and responsibilities laid out in SC resolution 1244 (1999) were set out in more detail in UNMIK regulation 2001/9 of 15 May 2001 on a Constitutional Framework for Provisional Self-Government (hereinafter “Constitutional Framework”), which defined the responsibilities relating to the administration of Kosovo between the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and the Provisional Institutions of Self Government of Kosovo.

Added: Oct 20, 2017
Article
Di Puppo L. Global Crime. 2010. Vol. 11. No. 2. P. 220-236.

The article aims at analysing the transfer of anti-corruption norms and standards as well as the instrumental use of anti-corruption efforts in Georgia. Drawing on the literature on anthropology and development, I use Georgia as a case study to analyse how an anti-corruption discourse is translated into local agendas. In the first part, I analyse three different perspectives on the fight against corruption in Georgia. In the second part, I examine three different types of anti-corruption interventions to illustrate the various agendas pursued by actors in the anti-corruption field. First, I study the implementation of the national anti-corruption strategy as an example of a conflict between two actors (government and international organisation) to assert the pre-eminence of a particular anti-corruption expertise. Second, I examine the reform of the Chamber of Control of Georgia (CCG), in particular the confrontation between the CCG and the Ministry of Education (MoE) in 2007, as an example of how an external anti-corruption agenda is adapted to local political struggles. Third, I analyse civil society anti-corruption projects as examples of the attempt to maintain a particular donor discourse.

Added: Feb 15, 2014
Article
Mikhail S. Zhuravlev. Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice. 2015. Vol. 10. No. 2. P. 127-132.

The article concerns the interaction between competition law and IP law. Russian legislation provides absolute immunity from extending antitrust prohibitions over the exercise of exclusive IP rights. However, this inflexible legislation does not provide any discretion for the courts, resulting in inadequate consequences and disordered judicial practice.

This paper analyses the most interesting cases in Russian practice which have received an ambiguous and disputable court resolution. The divergence between the legislative model and court practice is due to the diversity of disputes that call for a wide range of solutions. Given the absence of a flexible legal framework, courts are sometimes forced to evade the legislative provisions or make inappropriate legal treatments of them.

The current model of legal regulation does not facilitate economic efficiency, while unpredictable judicial practice caused by inflexible law puts rightholders in a situation of great uncertainty. In order to eliminate these imperfections, it is necessary to elaborate and implement a new model of regulation based on the optimal balance between private and public interests. This model has to comply with requirements of flexibility, effectiveness and legitimacy.

Added: Oct 13, 2014
Article
Elena Cirkovic. Law and Critique. 2016. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 23-44.

This paper addresses the processes by which the international community intervened and participated in the defining of Bosnian identity and the corresponding constitutional framework, as well as the continuous paradoxical tension between the ethnic local and claims to universalism of supranational legal norms. In particular, the 1995 Constitution and the architecture of its sovereignty have been contested through provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights. The analysis is further supported by the discussion of the architectonic structure of the Town Hall/National Library in Sarajevo that has had an important constitutional role since the collapse of the Ottoman period. The paper thus focuses on two sites for construction/deconstruction of Bosnian sovereignty: the constitutional framework and the more concretely visible architectural symbol of the Town Hall/National Library. This importance of a visual and spatial approach to Bosnian realities is carried further by the 1993 ‘Eulogy’ that Jean-Luc Nancy wrote for Sarajevo, as a site of the Mêlée.

Added: Oct 21, 2017
Article
Boklan D., Абсалямов В. В., Kurnosov Y. Московский журнал международного права. 2018. No. 3. P. 18-29.

INTRODUCTION. This paper is devoted to interpretation of so-called WTO “Security Exception Articles”, namely Article XXI of the GATT, XIV bis of the GATS and 73 of the TRIPS Agreement with respect to their possible applicability to trade restrictive measures adopted against Russia, and Russian countermeasures, based on the assumption that these trade restrictive measures violate WTO disciplines. 

MATERIALS AND METHODS. The materials for the article were norms of general international law and norms of WTO law, containing so-called security exception provisions and their respective interpretation by international tribunals, international organizations and scholars. The methodological basis of the research consists of general scientific and special methods. 

RESEARCH RESULTS. Taking into account that there is a lack of WTO jurisprudence and no common view of WTO members regarding the issue at hand, the analysis is based on the scope of Security Exception Articles and on the Panel’s jurisdiction to resolve disputes arising from them. In particular, the paper addresses whether security exceptions are of a self-declaratory nature; and, as it was stated by the GATT Council in 1985 in relation to the US trade embargo against Nicaragua, “the Panel cannot examine or judge the validity or motivation for the invocation of article XXI (b) (iii) by the United States” or whether it is possible to apply an objective test to Security Exception Articles. 

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS. With respect to the objective test, the interpretation of the following notions should be analyzed: “essential security interests”, “emergency in international relations” and “necessary to protect”. The analysis should be based on rules of general international law and the Appellate Body’s approach according to which previously established interpretations of certain provisions of one WTO Agreement can be used to inform the content of the same ‘words’ in another WTO Agreement. With respect to the subjective approach we may face a tendency to interpret “self-judging clause”, in the light of “a good faith” principle and therefore the issue at hand can be subject to the Dispute Settlement Body's analysis. 

 

Added: Dec 25, 2018
Article
Piskunova N. Central European Journal of International and Security Studies. 2015. Vol. 9. No. 2. P. 128-140.

The problem of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf presents a new research area in regional and global studies. The focal academic interest is attached to both theoretical and practical issues surrounding the problem of piracy: analysis of the current state of this issue, question on the status of pirates as possible actors of the regional security system, new trends in maritime piracy exhibited in the region.

At the current level of this problem, it is necessary to prove or disapprove of the thesis that today maritime piracy is a local, and not international, problem. The same applies to the issue whether maritime piracy is linked with Somalia state failure and the necessity of international reaction to this issue. Threats to global security that may arise from this issue also require assessment.

This article incorporates the consideration of soft security issues into analysis of current trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf.  In particular, the spectrum of issues that influence security configuration in this region is widened to include tendencies in internal political development, and state failure issue, as it fosters the conditions favorable for maritime piracy and kidnapping in this region.

A new method of research is applied in this material. This is the method of analytical monitoring, which was used by the author to apprehend the situation in the Aden Gulf for several years from 2009 to 2012. This allowed creating a database of events, related to this issue. This database widens the opportunities of conducting long-term research on the issues of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf.

The article aims to analyze problem of maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf in the context of regional political processes. To accomplish this aim, several analytical tasks are required:

1.      To assess ongoing trends in maritime piracy in Aden Gulf

2.      Determine the level of threat posed by maritime piracy in context of regional security

3.      Evaluate the level of international community’ involvement in resolving the issue of piracy in the region

4.      Assess the viability of the question on the status of pirates as actors of regional system of international relations in full right

5.      Determine the level of correlation of the maritime piracy in Aden issue with the state failure issue in Somalia

The object of this research is the current configuration of maritime piracy in Aden issue. The research subject is then divided into several focal issues:

1.      Current trends in maritime piracy in the Aden Gulf

2.      Particulars of pirates groups’ activities in relation to trade and private vessels, which follow the course through the Gulf

3.      State failure issue in Somalia in the context of maritime piracy as a threat to regional security

4.      Actions taken by international coalition to counter maritime piracy threat (country-specific actions and activities of international agencies)

 

In this article, a new method of analytical monitoring will be applied. This method presupposes a deeper and more data-correct analysis of the event timeline in the region of Somalia. This method allows more analysis from the point of view of foreign policy and international relations theory. Analytical monitoring allows to widen the scope of situation analysis and comparative analysis methods, which are traditionally used for cases such as the one described in this article. This method presumes the creation and timely updating of the database of events in this area. In this database, all events related to piracy, which are reported in the press, are divided into several groups: actions taken by the pirates, actions taken by the local government, reaction\actions taken by the world community. This allows demonstrating major changes and trends in the development of problem of maritime piracy in this region. Application of this method provides a deeper study of events with categorization of the actions according to the actor and context. Thus, it is easier to visualize both qualitative and quantitative changes in the issue of maritime piracy in this region. Overall, this enables a researcher to account both local and regional events. 

Added: Oct 17, 2014
Article
Afanasyev A. A. Procesos de Mercado: Revista Europea de Economía Política. 2016. Vol. XIII. No. 2. P. 429-456.

Neste ensaio histórico investigamos as origens da Teoria Quantitativa do Dinheiro (Moeda) em Portugal do meio do Século dʼOuro. Temos encontrado as fontes desta teoria na primeira suma portuguesa da teologia moral Manual de Confessores e Penitentes que foi composto pelo franciscano português frade Rodrigo do Porto e foi impressa na Universidade de Coimbra em 1549. Também temos encontrado a inspiração de frei Rodrigo do Porto para a formação do pensamento econômico (das teorias do preço justo e da teoria quantitativa) do grande pensador espanhol e verdadeiro descobridor da Teoria Quantitativa do Dinheiro doutor Martinho de Azpilcueta Navarro.

Added: Dec 31, 2016
Article
Alexeeva T. A. Roma e America. Diritto romano comune Rivista di diritto dell’integrazione e unificazione del diritto in Eurasia e in America Latina. 2017. No. 38. P. 227-240.

Legal aspects of BRICS and legal education (seminars of 2011-2015) The article is dedicated to the activity of the Laboratory of Comparative Legal Research Studies (LCLR) of the National Research University   "Higher School of Economics" - St. Petersburg - in the project "Legal Aspects of BRICS". The author demonstrates the items of the seminars organized by the LCLR on the subject, the events in which its researchers participated, and the publications they made. Special attention is given to the perspectives of BRICS collaboration in the field of legal education.  

Added: Nov 26, 2018