This article provides information on the trail that remained in Russian philately in connection with the 150th anniversary of the great Russian scientist Vladimir Mikhailovich Bekhterev (1857-1927).
This article analyzes the long episode of 1917-1918 when the Diaghilev’s choreographic enterprise performances took place in Lisbon. The Russian Seasons ’ performances were greeted with delight only by ballet critics and modern artists, authors of Orpheu and Portugal Futurista, but the audience accepted them coldly. The authors of the article explain this paradox as follows: 1) the public's involvement in a rapidly changing political (revolutionary) context, 2) the "elitism" of the artistic concept of Diaghilev's aesthetic experiments. All this fits into the paradigm of the "new art" - in this case, the novelty of the artistic concepts of Diaghilev's enterprise in the context of Portuguese modernism.
The abduction of women is closely connected with traditional or primitive societies. Anthropologists tie it with alternative marriage arrangements, characteristic of those systems where marriages are arranged by parents; historians tend to view the abduction of women as part of early history of developed nations, mostly the Middle Ages. In Russia, recent historiographical discussion of abductions always starts with descriptions of customary practices in Siberia to highlight the steppe and frontier experiences in the framework of colonization and underline ‘savage’ or ‘backwardness’ of Siberian populations. However, scholars almost never talk about the abduction of women within the European part. In this article, female abductions are analyzed within the framework of citizenship and modernization of the Russian Empire in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It focuses on the notion of consent and how it contributed to the founding of a new social unit, that is the family, in which women and men acquired their rights and duties in relation to outside society and wider polity. The lack of consent jeopardized the legitimacy of such a union and compromized the citizenship status of its members. On its way to build the country as a modern empire, Russian authorities localized the abduction of women as a ‘customary’ practice of ‘backwards’ people to preserve the modern European core of the Empire.
This review is devoted to the history of foreign and Russian women’s charity from the first centuries of Christian history to the present day. After the first two centuries of Christianity deaconnesses started instructed women, visited the sick, the poor, and Christians in prisons. In the age of the Crusades women began to found spiritual communes, the first commune was established in XII century in Belgium. Such movement became widespead in European countries in middle ages and modern history. In XX-XXI centuries this work goes on. Mother Teresa of Calcutta, Diana, Princess of Wales, actress Audrey Hupburn and others involve in humanitarian activity and social activism. In Russia Christianity charity developed in a special direction: love for the poor. Kievan Rus had the most well-organised system of in medieval Europe. The history of charitable organisations in Russia can be divided into two stages. The first stage, from mid-16th century to 1862, is the period when charitable organisations were establishing themselves in Russia. The second period, from 1862 to 1906, is the golden age of Russian societies of charity and mercy. Our contemporaries continue the traditions of charity. Among them we can name Raisa Gorbacheva, Russian actresses, Chulpan Khamatova and Dina Korzun, Natalia Vodianova and other.
The authors of the current study have interviewed a number of leading Russian historians in an attempt to find out how the scholars understand public history and how they do it. The article presents an analysis of historians’ views of the aims and motives behind their public lectures, of the models of behaviour, forms of representations of historical material, as well as their reflections on the system of argumentation and the language used at addressing an un-professional audience.
The article explores the role of accounting and reforms of financial management practices in 18th century Russian state administration and finance combining historical and comparative levels of analysis.
Accounting texts represent an important part of the Hittite textual corpus which draws a considerable attention of Hittitologists. There are several aspects that justify this interest. Hittite accounting documents are not that numerous as their counterparts in the archives of Syria and Mesopotamia. For example, the documentation concerning distribution of food rations is almost totally absent. Hittite accounts employ specific terminology that is unknown from other traditions, while Hittite use of Mesopotamian technical terms can significantly diverge from common Mesopotamian practice. Hittites wrote their accounts not only on clay, but on perishable materials, such as wood, as well. Some alternative forms of accounting, other than writing, were probably in use among the Hittites.
The author descrides the activities of the governor of the Tambov region Nikolai Muratov who was the famous representative of the conservative ruling elite of the Late Russian Empire. The article was translated from the journal "Otechestvennaya Istoriia". 2003. No. 3. P. 104-134.
This article is devoted to the Chersonesos inscription IOSPE I2 347, dating from c. 46 BC. An unpublished fragment found during excavations in the north-eastern area of Chersonesos in 1976 is the lower part of the said inscription and makes it possible to interpret the document as a proxeny decree relating to Xenon, son of Timotheos. Various indirect data point to the individual honoured here having originated from the South Pontic polis of Amastris.
he article deals with the results of the scientific project “Medieval written sources as historical and litterary texts: creators and readers”. This project aimed at analysis of the features of the individual process of the creation of the historical text (source) in the Middle Ages and Modern times. It also aimed at disclosure of the mechanism of functioning of the specific historical sources in their cultural environment (the author’s message and creation of the text, its subsistence and dissemination, its perception by the readers, its popularity or the lack of it, the importance of such a text in the creation and recovery of the sociocultural and intellectual needs of the epoch). The project participants stated as insufficient the positivist method that dominated all historic research for quite a long time and was based on the principle of direct and undistorted reflection of historic reality it the text. In the present project the historical sources were studied primarily with the use of textual criticism methods that allowed to determine and to use in the analysis not only the factual side of the information but also so called “commonplaces and platitudes” in the text, borrowings and concealed quotations, “toposes”, “wandering sujets”. The textual criticism methods also allowed to determine three types of the text information: the unique information, the verified one and the repeated one. The methods of genetic critics allowed to the projects participants to fully understand the history of creation of this or that historical and litterary source and to comprehend the intentions of its author which, undoubtedly, can make it easier to study and to analyze the ideas and the images that this or that author (as well as the readers of the text) considered the most appropriate for his (their) epoch.
The paper offers a reading of a sixth-century Christian dipinto which has been so far undeciphered. The inscription is set up in the 'chapel of St Paul' in Caesarea Maritima. I argue that the dipinto draws on the fourth-fifth century homiletic idiom, and probably is a piece of evidence for domestic private devotion going on in the chapel
The article examines the argumentative strategies carried out by the Dominican theologist Francisco de Vitoria (c.ca 1483 - 1546) in his famous Relectiones theologicae. The study focuses upon the aporetic notion of the international sociability in Vitoria, making an attempt of a thorough investigation of the juridical and exegetical arguments in the treatise. This approach gives an opportunity to contrast Relectiones to the tradition of the historiographic apology of interventionism, on the one hand, and to the exegetical tradition of the justification of the king’s and Pope’s ‘rights’ on the discovered lands – on the other. It has been shown that we may consider the notion of the ‘just war’ (bellum justum) as a limit-concept, based on the paradoxical structure of ‘exclusion/ inclusion’ in the G. Agamben’s sense. Therefore, this category can be ranked among the numerous limit-concepts of the Early-modern jurisprudence and political theory, such as international sociability, state of exception, and state of nature.
There is published a female burial in the catacomb 1119 of Ust’-Al’ma necropolis situated on the southwestern shore of the Crimea. There are found personal jewellery (gold ear-rings, amphora-pendants and beads of a necklace, sewn plaques) as well as grave goods (gold leaves of a funeral wreath, gold eye-pieces, two hand-formed ceramic incense-burners, a ceramic jug, an iron knife, a ceramic unguentarium of the bulbous type, a ceramic red-slip bowl, two ceramic spindle-whorls). The grave might belong to a representative of social elite, and dates to the period from the first half to the middle of the 1st century AD.
The changes since the breakup of the USSR have impacted African migrants’ social composition, as well as their strategies and forms of adaptation and integration in the capital city of Moscow. In this study, we discuss the factors influencing the choices of African migrants, related to their background as Africans and to their perceptions of the receiving society. We distinguish between two social groups of African migrants and argue that while one group seeks integration into the Russian society, the other limits itself to mere adaptation to life in Moscow.
This article is an analysis of metadata from 955 closed trials of Soviet people accused of being collaborators during World War II. The trials reveal Soviet officials' understandings of who was capable of collaboration and what kinds of acts were collaboration. At the same time, the aggregate data from trials demonstrates that the accusations were grounded in the realities of the war and were not falsifications like the investigations of the Great Terror in the 1930s.
In this paper, we explore the history of general land surveying in Russia.