This paper is devoted to the role of information context in the dynamics of consumption/savings decisions. The deviations from the traditional model of rational expectations are investigated, and the hypotheses of the «rational inattention» are tested. The basis for the study was a selection of news from the major Russian TV channels for 2006-2016. This news available to ordinary households in Russia was analyzed. News was defined as negative or positive with special program tools of sentiment analysis. It was found that increased uncertainty (the spread of positive and negative news) leads to the choice of consumption to the detriment of savings, which then reduces the investment base of the economy. The authors analyze the connection of the tonality of news and its changes with the real business cycle. The authors found that the information cycle with some lag correlated with the cycle in consumption/savings decisions in the Russian Federation. The authors conclude that the concept of rational inattention is more acceptable for this case. Based on the study, recommendations are offered for adjusting public policy.
This paper aims to analyse the contribution of intellectual resources to companies’ value. Most of the relevant empirical studies cover issues concerning the impact of intellectual capital on companies’ performance. This research is more specific and focuses on the unbiased estimation of intellectual resources’ contribution to their value.
The paper highlights an approach to decision-making for investments, identifying the costs for companies’ growth in value. The hedonic pricing approach is applied in order to test the hypotheses put forward in this study. One of the research questions is related to the assumption that the hedonic prices of intellectual resources differ according to external factors: country and industry. ANOVA is used to identify group differences among different national markets and industries. We have used fixed-effect regressions in order to avoid the endogeneity problem.
The authors revealed that hedonic pricing tool is valid for evaluating intellectual capital.