The siege of Smolensk by king Sigismund in 1609-1011 transferred the center of power in Muscovite State directly to the king’s camp. In Autumn – Winter 1610-lots of representatives of different strata of Muscovite servicemen. That created an unprecedented impulse to great intensive contacts of Muscovites with Polish and Lithuanian cultures.
There was significant number of second row actors in the king’s camp who however had played noticeable role in Novgorod political life in early 17th century. There were Matvey Lvov, one of military officers in Novgorod in 1611-1614, Bogdan Dubrowskijwho brought to Novgorod the message in 1613 that Mikhail Romanov was elected, Murat Peresvetov, gentleman from Rostov deserted to Sweden camp in 1613 near Tikhvin; some Novgorodians of higher level – Andrew Palycin and Lev Plescheev.
«Polish trace» in early 17th century Novgorod is practically unstudied. Episodes of 1610-1612, inconvenient to Romanov’s ideology, did not preserve in most of the official Muscovite sources. Meanwhile one must consider the experience in Smolensk camp in the biographies of Novgorodians while studying the Novgorod society of early 17th century.
The Wojciech Krawczuk’s book «Wierni Królowi» is an innovative prosopographical study of a very special group of emigrants – Finns and Swedes – in late 16th century to Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The author analyzed all possible sources that could give information on these people, studied different groups of those emigrants (aristocracy, bureaucracy, clergy, gentry, women, etc.) and phenomena of “Swedish Court” of Polish-Lithuanian king Sigismund III. The author’s main point is that the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in its “Golden Age” was very diverse state and society and the king had to take into account interests of all the religious, ethnic and social strata. The biographical information used in the Wojciech Krawczuk’s research brightly proved this thesis. The second half of the book is the publication of documents on the group under consideration with very detailed biographical comment.
The article deals with the documents of first Tyavzino Peace Talks suddenly started after Russian-Swedish war military evens stopped. Muscovite commission (headed by okol’nichij M. Saltykov) and Swedish commission (headed by Klas E. Fleming and then by G. Boje) argued during more than four month about the conditions of a Peace treaty or a truce. The talks were a kind of competition of the both sides while they had used arguments of possible direct military violence and also of diplomatic character. The three main powers of the region, Muscovy, Sweden and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, were at that time in latent struggle for the territories and fortresses in the Eastern part of Baltic area. Meanwhile, Swedish king Johan III was a father of Polish-Lithuanian king Sigismund III (and Johan III suddenly died in the tome of the talks). So the name of Sigismund had very important symbolic and discursive significance during the talks. In the rhetoric of the talks the concepts of „sovereign” and „state” were not always divided; the sides suggested both a royal will and the interests of the kingdom as arguments in the dispute.
The review is on the publication of Polish-Language acts concerning Muscovite Time of Troubles in Swedish State Archives (Extranea Collection). Publishing acts onle in translation, with cuts is more relevant to the publication culture of 19, not 21 century
The article deal with the archival data on the estate giving to Russian gentlemen and noblemen in the military camp of King Sigismund III near Smolensk. The issue is about how the estate giving to Muscovites was provided by the Chancellery of Great Chancellor of Lithuania Leo Sapieha and how possible was the dialogue of two bureaucratic traditions. A special issue is the case of noblemen Rzhevskies; their petitions to the “Czar Wladyslaw” and to Chancellor Sapieha were the most numerous.