In this article is considering the process of a forming and evolution of the concept of yerro in the romance language of the first half of XIII cent. On basis of the bilingual texts of the period (Etimologiae of Isidor of Seville, Fuero Juzgo) and also of the official papers of Fernando III is making an analysis of the principal meanings of described concept in this period. Yerro during the reign of Fernando III was considered as a term more ethical than juridical and was used mainly for designate an error, a sin, a fault, but not a crime.
This article is dedicated to the “Differences” of Isidore of Seville - an grammatical treatise in two books writhed for synonym’s distinction. There are studied a structure of Isidore’s work, his goal, his sources and methods. But in fact the “Differences” are more complicated than a grammatical treatise. A grammar is an instrument for comprehension of word. According to Isidore, an etymology and a strict word meaning gives a chance to understand the true sense of each phenomenon and in series comprehend the God’s project.
"Permian Athens" - that's how the house od Dyagilevs family was called in the past. The article is about the role of Dyagilevs family in Perm and their permian period. Also about the Diagilevs festival and its events.
The authorship problem of the treatise “About Ivan Vasilyevich`s life” by Henry Ratel is investigated. The author’s biography and his literary heritage are considered. The author supposes that Henry Ratel`s work has an independent character in respect of Pavel Oderborn`s writing. The last one acts only as a basic source of the investigated work.