One of the most current problems of intercultural communication, such as ethnic stereotypes and their integration in the language, is considered in the given article. The author analyzes the specifics of ethnic stereotypes about African Americans and their role in forming the mentality of several generations of Americans. The article investigates the transformation of the literary character and pop culture image into a racial slur in the American variant of the English language. The author studies the origin of the image of an African American woman in the mass consciousness.
In the 21st century such skills as teamwork, collaboration and sharing ideas have risen in importance. Their development involves first and foremost the development of communication skills, which are considered to be an indispensible constituent of social skills. Debates are one of the methods used to hone students' communication skills in a foreign-language classroom.
In September 2016, the authors began the research aimed at determining what influence debates have on the development of social skills among the students who major in Science and Technology. The paper gives a brief overview of the first stage of the research project and presents the second stage, the objective of which was the development of communication skills as a constituent of social skills by using debates. The results of this stage demonstrate a positive shift in improving such skills as clear and concise expression of ideas and opinions, persuasion, and effective listening.
It has been an object of ongoing linguistic research to investigate the mechanisms of ‘generating’ words and word combinations in real speech, and define their semantic status as lexico-grammatical units of language-as-a-system. The article encourages the reader to look at the outlined problem from the bio-socio-cultural perspective on language as a domain of cognitive (biological and social) interactions between an individual and his/her environment. The authors claim that the study of the lexical part of language should be different depending on whether words are analyzed in speech interactions (first-order languaging) or in text (second-order language). The meaning of a word is neither subjective (belongs to the reader only) nor objective (as part of the text only); it emerges every time anew from interactions of a perceiver with the perceived graphical sign which is an affordance for generating a particular hic et nunc contextual meaning. As for the grammatical part, it is asserted that the ‘generation’ of syntactical constructions is a biological ability of a human organism to renew and activate potential cognitive resources (‘storage’ of all the knowledge) which result from recursive (and recurrent) contingency with the language environment and which enable the organism to feel confident of the success and effectiveness of adaptive acts in every new situation of the environment dynamics.