Discusses the contributions made by Carl Rogers (1902-1987), as one of the founders of humanist psychology, to contemporary humanism. His work; The idea of humanistic psychology as a phenomenon on the `planetary' (Vernadskii) scale; What takes place in psychotherapeutic, pedagogical and political practice when the humanist idea begins to take hold; Difference between modern humanism and social humanism.
An analysis of international data on opinions on how health care systems should be organized and on the ways in which care should be delivered shows that inequality in accessis seen as a problem in all countries, but that Russians rank highest on this value.
The results of comprehensive analysis of income dynamics and the development of measures to provide social support of the population in various stages of the economic cycle enable the authors to formulate recommendations for measures to regulate incomes and social support of the population, which are divided into priority and long-term measures. The priority measures are seen as a policy tool in crisis conditions and are aimed at achieving two goals: (1) overcoming the negative consequences of the crisis, and (2) using the crisis stage for actions that are unlikely to be taken in conditions of economic growth.
Survey research on Russians' views of social justice and a fair social order shows that the concept of justice remains a key factor in a Russian sociocultural model. Fairness is linked above all with equal opportunities for everyone, as well as with income differentiation based on factors that are legitimate from the population's point of view.
Survey data on comparisons between teachers in Russia and other countries show that the average Russian schoolteacher places a very high value on security and a very low value on the opportunity to enjoy life and have pleasure. Russia's schoolteachers are more often ahead of other Europeans when it comes to the importance of personal success, wealth, and power, as well as obedience and conformity to traditions, and, in contrast, they tend to lag behind when it comes to their adherence to the values of independence, equality, tolerance, helping people around them, and the protection of the environment. The authors see these orientations as cultural barriers to the successful functioning and development of Russian society.
Research on the opinions of Russian and French college students reflect different national views as to the qualities of personality that are necessary for the head of a modern state.
The present article treats changes in the learning environment of contemporary children as exacerbation of the “childhood crisis.” We believe that new research in the field of developmental psychology is required in order to apply cultural-historical theory to new data. The article presents two studies: one of them considers a preschool game based on contemporary cartoon plots, and the other considers how adolescents (eighth- to tenth-graders) read J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter books. The preschool study shows that the game has developmental potential and that its plots reproduce complex human relations. TheHarry Potter study shows that adolescents are attracted to bold and heroic stories with ambiguous and unknown outcomes.