Interval translation maps (ITMs) are a non-invertible generalization of interval exchange transformations (IETs). The dynamics of finite type ITMs is similar to IETs, while infinite type ITMs are known to exhibit new interesting effects. In this paper, we prove the finiteness conjecture for the ITMs of three intervals. Namely, the subset of ITMs of finite type contains an open, dense, and full Lebesgue measure subset of the space of ITMs of three intervals. For this, we show that any ITM of three intervals can be reduced either to a rotation or to a double rotation.
For a semigroup $S(t):X\to X$ acting on a metric space $(X,\dist)$, we give a notion of global attractor based only on the minimality with respect to the attraction property. Such an attractor is shown to be invariant whenever $S(t)$ is asymptotically closed. As a byproduct, we generalize earlier results on the existence of global attractors in the classical sense.
We present an example of a C1 Anosov diffeomorphism of a two-torus with a physical measure such that its basin has full Lebesgue measure and its support is a horseshoe of zero measure.
We obtain sufficient conditions for the differentiability of solutions to stationary Fokker--Planck--Kolmogorov equations with respect to a parameter. In particular, this gives conditions for the differentiability of stationary distributions of diffusion processes with respect to a parameter.
We study the optimal transportation mapping VΦ: ℝd → ℝd pushing forward a probability measure μ = e -V dx onto another probability measure ν = e-W dx. Following a classical approach of E. Calabi we introduce the Riemannian metric g = D2 Φ on ℝd and study spectral properties of the metric-measure space M = (ℝd, g,μ). We prove, in particular, that M admits a non-negative Bakry-Emery tensor provided both V and W are convex. If the target measure ν is the Lebesgue measure on a convex set Ω and μ is log-concave we prove that M is a CD(K, N) space. Applications of these results include some global dimension-free a priori estimates of \\D2 Φ||. With the help of comparison techniques on Riemannian manifolds and probabilistic concentration arguments we proof some diameter estimates for M.
A one-parameter family of Mackey-Glass type differential delay equations is considered. The existence of a homoclinic solution for suitable parameter value is proved. As a consequence, one obtains stable periodic solutions for nearby parameter values. An example of a nonlinear functions is given, for which all sufficient conditions of our theoretical results can be verified numerically. Numerically computed solutions are shown.
We consider the 3D Navier--Stokes systems with randomly rapidly oscillating right--hand sides. Under the assumption that the random functions are ergodic and statistically homogeneous in space variables or in time variables we prove that the trajectory attractors of these systems tend to the trajectory attractors of homogenized 3D Navier--Stokes systems whose right--hand sides are the average of the corresponding terms of the original systems. We do not assume that the Cauchy problem for the considered 3D Navier--Stokes systems is uniquely solvable.
The theory of tropical series, that we develop here, firstly appeared in the study of the growth of pluriharmonic functions. Motivated by waves in sandpile models we introduce a dynamic on the set of tropical series, and it is experimentally observed that this dynamic obeys a power law. So, this paper serves as a compilation of results we need for other articles and also introduces several objects interesting by themselves.
Polynomials from the closure of the principal hyperbolic domain of the cubic connectedness locus have some specific properties, which were studied in a recent paper by the authors. The family of (affine conjugacy classes of) all polynomials with these properties is called the Main Cubioid. In this paper, we describe a combinatorial counterpart of the Main Cubioid --- the set of invariant laminations that can be associated to polynomials from the Main Cubioid.
Every plane continuum admits a finest locally connected model. The latter is a locally connected continuum onto which the original continuum projects in a monotone fashion. It may so happen that the finest locally connected model is a singleton. For example, this happens if the original continuum is indecomposable. In this paper, we provide sufficient conditions for the existence of a non-degenerate model depending on the existence of subcontinua with certain properties. Applications to complex polynomial dynamics are discussed.
We present an approach to study degenerate ODE with periodic nonlinearities; for resonant higher order nonlinear equations L(p)x=f(x)+b(t), p=d/dt, with 2pi-periodic forcing b and periodic f we give multiplicity results, in particular, conditions of existence of infinite and unbounded sets of 2pi-periodic solutions.
In the present paper we study symmetric interval identification systems of order three. We prove that the Rauzy induction preserves symmetry: for any symmetric interval identification system of order 3 after finitely many iterations of the Rauzy induction we always obtain a symmetric system. We also provide an example of symmetric interval identification system of thin type.
Structurally stable (rough) flows on surfaces have only finitely many singularities and nitely many closed orbits, all of which are hyperbolic, and they have no trajectories joining saddle points. The violation of the last property leads to Ω-stable flows on surfaces, which are not structurally stable. However, in the present paper we prove that a topological classication of such flows is also reduced to a combinatorial problem. Our complete topological invariant is a multigraph, and we present a polynomial-time algorithm for the distinction of such graphs up to an isomorphism. We also present a graph criterion for orientability of the ambient manifold and a graph-associated formula for its Euler characteristic. Additionally, we give polynomial-time algorithms for checking the orientability and calculating the characteristic.
A class of non-stationary surface gravity waves propagating in the
zonal direction in the equatorial region is described in the f -plane approx-
imation. These waves are described by exact solutions of the equations of
hydrodynamics in Lagrangian formulation and are generalizations of Gerstner
waves. The wave shape and non-uniform pressure distribution on a free sur-
face depend on two arbitrary functions. The trajectories of uid particles are
circumferences. The solutions admit a variable meridional current. The dy-
namics of a single breather on the background of a Gerstner wave is studied as