This review is dedicated to the problems of modern Megacity, which discussed on IV Moscow Urban Forum in December 2014. Participants of this forum discussed possibilities and challengers that affect modern megacities and revealed the prospects of their development, which are considered not only in terms of efficient management, but also from the viewpoint of city residents. Experts, governments, businesses and public organizations issued that today exactly citizen become the main Driver of city development.
Article is devoted to the review of formation and decline of behavioralism paradigm in political science. The author begins the analysis with critical consideration of the scientific concepts preceding emergence of modernist empiricism within which there is a behavioral analysis. Further the researcher traces formation behaviorism in the social disciplines: formation model in psychology, release of the theory out of limits of pure psychology and transferring ideas in sociology and political science. The author analyzes inquiries to the scientific theory by behavioralism. He opens the principles of behavioralism as paradigm in political science. The author presents the conceptual and contextual factors promoting recession of popularity behavioralism in political science and submits methodological restrictions approach. The author states the main claims of critics to this research approach and explains the reasons decline this paradigm. At the same time the methodological reflection of behavioralism which has followed recession of his popularity is reflected in work. The author opens the principles of the new methodological direction - post-behavioralism and the position of modern representatives of the behavioral analysis.