The author gives a new interpretation of the words "dan' mira del'a" ("a tribute for the peace's sake") which the early Rus' chronicles use when describing the establishment of the Rurikids' power in Kiev. The episode is essential to the history of Early Rus'. The words refer to the relationship of Novgorod and Kiev.
The author suggests that there were two notions of Rus' in the "Initial Compilation" of the 1090s (a stage of "The Primary Chronicle) - an ethnic one and a more complicated political and confessional.
The combination of the names «Alexander and Isakios» in the final clause of the Preface to the Younger Recension of the First Novgorod Chronicle (N1) is explained as indirectly referring to the names of two prominent Novgorodians of late 14th – early 15th centuries – posadnik Alexander the Caeser and boyar Isak Okinfov. Genealogical ambitions of the competing boyar clans is regarded as a factor that caused the inclusion into the Novgorod Episcopal Chronicle of the angiographic tales of St. Alexander Nevsky and Mikhail Chernigovskij, as well as of the account of the Kulikovo battle. The compiling of the protograph of N1 is shown to have preceded that of the Novgorod-Sophia Compilation (protograph of the Sophia 1 and Novgorod 4 chronicles) and is presumably dated to the short period of Novgorod’s loyalty to Moscow in 1397 which also saw the culmination of the careers of Alexander the Caeser and Isak Okinfov.
This is the publication of several Early Old Russian graffiti-inscriptions from the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod with paleographic, linguistic and historical commentary. It includes the revised text of a 13-lines-long prayer (graffito № 206); an inscription mentioning the Turkic name Sanbdusb; a new Glagolitic graffito from the Martirievskaia Porch; two inscriptions by church assistants mentioning their Slavic non-Christian names; a graffito dated 6614 (AD 1106/1107).
The article demonstrates that the initial words of the German ambassadors’ speech to Vladimir Svyatoslavich in the 6494 entry of the Povest’ vremennykh let represent a diplomatic formula also reflected by the 6733 (1225) entry of the First Novgorod Chronicle. The formula in question declares freedom of ambassadors’ and merchants’ traveling through the lands of contracting states. Accordingly, the ambassadors’ words contain a proposal to Vladimir to supplement the mutual openness for economic and political contacts already existing between the two countries by their confessional community.
The article explores the annalistic entry under 1093, which narrated of the attack of the Polovtsy to the Kiev principality. At this moment Rus' set up against the Polovtsy together with another nomad people - Torks. According to Shahmatov, this enty was compiled by the author of the “Initial Chronicle” (mid-1090s) who interpreted the Rus’ identity in the original political and religious context (imperial and apocalyptic). Based on the information about Rus’,Torks and the other nomads in the 12th century, the author demonstrates the different senses of the Rus’ identity which does not agree with the theoretical model of the “Old Russian nationality”.