The author gives a new interpretation of the words "dan' mira del'a" ("a tribute for the peace's sake") which the early Rus' chronicles use when describing the establishment of the Rurikids' power in Kiev. The episode is essential to the history of Early Rus'. The words refer to the relationship of Novgorod and Kiev.
The author suggests that there were two notions of Rus' in the "Initial Compilation" of the 1090s (a stage of "The Primary Chronicle) - an ethnic one and a more complicated political and confessional.
The combination of the names «Alexander and Isakios» in the final clause of the Preface to the Younger Recension of the First Novgorod Chronicle (N1) is explained as indirectly referring to the names of two prominent Novgorodians of late 14th – early 15th centuries – posadnik Alexander the Caeser and boyar Isak Okinfov. Genealogical ambitions of the competing boyar clans is regarded as a factor that caused the inclusion into the Novgorod Episcopal Chronicle of the angiographic tales of St. Alexander Nevsky and Mikhail Chernigovskij, as well as of the account of the Kulikovo battle. The compiling of the protograph of N1 is shown to have preceded that of the Novgorod-Sophia Compilation (protograph of the Sophia 1 and Novgorod 4 chronicles) and is presumably dated to the short period of Novgorod’s loyalty to Moscow in 1397 which also saw the culmination of the careers of Alexander the Caeser and Isak Okinfov.
This is the publication of several Early Old Russian graffiti-inscriptions from the Saint Sophia Cathedral in Novgorod with paleographic, linguistic and historical commentary. It includes the revised text of a 13-lines-long prayer (graffito № 206); an inscription mentioning the Turkic name Sanbdusb; a new Glagolitic graffito from the Martirievskaia Porch; two inscriptions by church assistants mentioning their Slavic non-Christian names; a graffito dated 6614 (AD 1106/1107).
The article explores the annalistic entry under 1093, which narrated of the attack of the Polovtsy to the Kiev principality. At this moment Rus' set up against the Polovtsy together with another nomad people - Torks. According to Shahmatov, this enty was compiled by the author of the “Initial Chronicle” (mid-1090s) who interpreted the Rus’ identity in the original political and religious context (imperial and apocalyptic). Based on the information about Rus’,Torks and the other nomads in the 12th century, the author demonstrates the different senses of the Rus’ identity which does not agree with the theoretical model of the “Old Russian nationality”.
The article continues the research of the label of the Golden Horde Khan Mengu-Timur. The author argues that there were two labels of this Khan, given to the Russian Church delegates. The preserved translation of the second label, which were issued to Metropolitan Kirill must be dated 1279. Its content was connected with the census of 1273 and included some clarifications towards the first label, which defined the tarkhan categories of people. The provisions of the Charter of Vasily Dmitrievich and Cyprian (1404) were definitely dependent on the label of Khan Mengu-Timur.