The article outlines general presentations existing in Western literature on the formation of self-relation and also the approaches of Russian psychologists to the problem. The end product of self-awareness is a picture of oneself (self-concept). It is supposed that self-concept is not just a product of self-awareness, but an important factor in the determination of human behavior. This internal construct largely determines the direction of a subject's activity, the behavior in a time of choosing, and their contacts with people. To understand the behavior of delinquent adolescents and build efficient preventative and rehabilitative work with them is very important for the understanding of the mechanisms of formation of self-relation in this category of adolescents. The empirical study presented in the paper reveals additional sources of understanding consciousness (self-understanding, self-relation, self-determination) of delinquent adolescents. The results showed that a delinquent adolescent's self-relation and selfesteem, as opposed to that of normatively developing adolescents, is significantly reduced, while the self-identity of the sample studied is characterized by a lack of faith in their capabilities and abilities. Their overall emotional score depends largely on the expectation of a negative attitude on the part of others.
The article presents an investigation of the connection between self-image and the value-motivational orientation of delinquent adolescents in comparison with normatively developing adolescents. Delinquency among minors and young people is one of the most pressing social problems all over the world. Asocial behavior patterns and habits acquired at an early age in the absence of correction along the way can lead to a severe deformation of personality and the growth of recidivism. As such, it is imperative to study the mechanisms of the formation of deviant behavior. The connection between unlawful behavior of adolescents and the specifics of their self-image and value orientation is doubtless, however, this aspect is insufficiently elaborated academically. The article presents a study aimed at revealing the features of these associations in normatively developing and delinquent adolescents. The study involved 90 adolescents aged from 14 to 17. Of these 54% were boys, 46% were girls. The adolescents were divided into 3 groups: students of the 9th grade of general education schools, students of the 11th grade of general education schools, and delinquent adolescents who are registered with the Department of Juvenile Affairs. The peculiarities of the association between self-image and the value-motivational orientation of the personality of delinquent adolescents identified in the study will help in improving the system of prevention of neglect and juvenile delinquency.
Modern society is faced with a large number of deviant behavioral acts among children and adolescents, which leads to the necessity of early prevention of deviant behavior, and the main source of this should be the family. However, due to different objective and subjective reasons not all families can perform this function successfully. The difficulty faced by teachers, social teachers, psychologists and inspectors from the Inspectorate for Minors' Affairs is the unwillingness or inability of parents to care for their children, to take an active part in cooperation with them, to accept their children, to see any problems they may have, or actively participate in a psychological understanding of the actions of their child. The article gives examples of ordinary situations that demonstrate the unwillingness of parents to be a part of child's life, of which they don't need to in control. That is why the challenge today faced by psychologists and other involved professional is the unwillingness or inability of parents to care for their children, to take an active part in cooperation with them, to accept their children, to see any problems they may have, or actively participate in a psychological understanding of the actions of their child.
The article refers to the problem of measuring values of adolescents. Two ways of measurement are compared: rating scale and original distribution task, developed by the author. The results show that in case of distribution task significant differences are revealed in values of delinquent adolescents and their non-delinquent peers. Delinquents giver higher priority to material and hedonistic values then non-delinquents. No differences between the groups were revealed in case of using rating scale.