The authors propose an original classification of the enlightenment phenomenon on the basis of the results of a largescale all-Russia study, which was carried out by the asset of the All-Russia Public and State Enlightenment Organisation «The Russian «Knowledge» Society» (in 2017), as well as on the basis of the data of investigations of the Russian Public Opinion Research Centre (2016-2018), in terms of the concept of marketing and the prevalent 7P (marketing mix model) marketing instruments in the present article. The identification of the nature and level of awareness of enlightenment projects among different target audiences, the identification of interest in the subject matter and format of enlightenment activities, the motivation for periodic training, and the determination of the capacity of the population to pay for enlightenment products were among the tasks of the above-mentioned investigations. In addition, the most successful management practices in the field of promotion of cultural, mass and socially significant projects in both towns and megacities were summarised on the basis of expert interviews, carried out within the framework of the study. The reduced classification of the enlightenment product, the simplification of which is related to the factors of digitalisation of modern society and information space, taking into account the factors of complication of the social communication process and the permanently increasing requirements for personal and professional qualities of the person (especially with regard to skills and competences of the future), is given. Diverse social technologies for promoting enlightenment activities are proposed on the basis of the formulated provisions of the mix-marketing enlightenment complex, and also the conditions for their successful implementation are revealed. According to the authors of the article, many means and techniques of forming the internal and the external environment of enlightenment organisations, which have long been widely used in practice, are not actually described in both pedagogic and marketing scientific literature. The more complete scientific detailed and systemic analysis, comparison with traditional marketing concepts will make their practical application more focused and effective.
The article discusses the main aspects of information and methodological support for the analysis of autonomous institutions: the goals and objectives of the analysis, information base, the users of the analysis. On the example of the balance of the autonomous institutions of integration algorithm for the calculation of articles assessing the structure and dynamics of assets and liabilities.
The article reports on the phonetic aspect of eloquence. Special focus is given to the variation of prosody in public presentations.
Strikes and other forms of protests of workers was an essential element of labor relations in the first years the Soviet regime (1918-1920). However, their study began only in the post-Soviet period due to the changed political situation. One of the main problems of the period of "war communism" was the inability of the new authorities to provide workers essential commodities, notably food. This situation became the reason for the strikes. The article deals with the immediate causes and mechanisms of occurrence of strikes at enterprises in the Central Industrial Region. In particular, attention is drawn to the fact that often strikes were stemmed from not just the lack of food, but its inequitable distribution. In this period the trade unions in the course of strikes took the side of power, not the workers. But can be noticed some differences in the positions and evaluations of the events by the representatives of the central apparatus of the trade unions and local organizations. Local union leaders were not prone to excessive politicization of the protests that took place at enterprises. They evaluated the reasons for discontent of workers more objectively. The study is based on materials of the archival funds of branch trade unions.
This article discusses the evolution of managerial thought (including the vanguard of managerial thought) from the perspective of value-oriented management.
The article is devoted to the closed administrative-territorial entity regime (CATE) promotion. Attention is paid to its important component – admission regime. Analysis of normative acts regulating the contents and procedures of implementation of the regime and the responsibility for its violation is presented. A number of debatable topics are offered. So, in municipal instructions ensuring the special regime in each CATE such means of legal technique as concretization and supplementation have being used. For each CATE the concept of access control is defined differently. The list of restrictions (established in every CATE) the violation of which should entail the responsibility is different. Among the measures of administrative responsibility under the sanction of the Art. 20.19 and other articles of the Code of administrative offences, the instructions marked the violence measures that provided the established by the legislation responsibility for violation of the access regime in the. These violence measures may not be related to measures oа administrative, disciplinary or other form of legal responsibility allocated in the doctrine and legislation. The articles of the Code of administrative offences and the articles provided only by the municipal instructions coercive measures are combined into a single mechanism for the protection of the regime without taking into account the nature of the object and the subject of the offense. It blurs the contours of the composition of the administrative offense as the violation of the established by the legislation special regime in CATE. The conclusion is made about the need to bring clarity in the regulatory consolidation of the balance of "violation" of the prohibitions and “the punishment” for these violations.
The article updates the concept of intertextuality in the era of high-speed digital globalization as a response to the entropic processes in modern society. The author shows how the intertextual relations are formed and how intertextuality affects the “linguistic identities” of the author, on the one hand, and the recipient, on the other.
The primacy of international law is enshined in the Constitution of Russia. At the same time in the European Charter of Local Self-Government states that the principle of local self-government shall be recognized in domectic legislation, and where practible in the constitution. Thus, a rule of international law and a rule of national law indicates the priority of each other.
It is considered the possibility of combining national legislation with international one. There are conclusions of national legislation priority and practice of the Constitutional Court of Russian Federation on the conflict of laws problem in this article. And an interpretation of laws is seemed as a way of conflict of laws overcoming.
The article is mainly devoted to the theory of Russian municipal law sources. The purposes of local self-government are important measure of the hierarchy of municipal law sources.
Conflicts of law is a stable definition in Russian terminology. But nowadays there isn’t a single-valued answer to question what’s place of conflicts of law in system of law. Some scholars consider it as a branch of law, others – as a method of legal regulation, thirds – as an only international law instrument for resolution of legal relationships, regulated by law of different countries, etc. In this article we suggest to determine the conflicts of law as an interbranch institute.
The author reveals herein the concept and determines the role and the importance of a criminal threat in the mechanism of crimes against privacy. The criminal threat is regarded in the concept presented as a real probability of a socially dangerous unlawful and criminally punishable infringement of privacy.
Presentation of possibilities of the new for the humanities method of analyzing dynamics going into digital ranges - wavelet analysis method that, unlike traditional methods, does not constrain digital range mathematical characteristics strictly and also allows finding unobvious processes and natural laws is the aim of this work.
Currently, transportation sector is the largest and the most rapidly growing oil consumer: over a half of world oil is refined into automobile fuel. This research presents panel data analysis over the period 2000- 2010 and a single econometric specification that may be applied in each Russian region from a sample. The model provides the best fitting and allows getting highquality year forecast of the number of passenger cars in the region.
This article reviews the jurisprudence in Germany, namely its concept, its origins, its main features and its importance for development of private law before the German Civil Code of 1896 came into force.