The article considers the problems of search for effective ways to manage a working activity that would ensure an activation of a human factor. The practical, predictive and simulation methods of personnel assessment are briefly presented. The typical reasons for frustration of professionals in their activities and the ways to preserve their interest in work are given. The two main styles of management and motivation of a staff established by an international practice, expressed in the principles of American and Japanese management, are briefly considered. A generalized model of the motivational characteristics of a work is presented.
In addition, the article substantiates the conclusion, that a widespread tendency to overestimate the significance of the financial and disciplinary factors and to underestimate the importance of the human factor in motivation, which can lead to higher staff expenses, have places among the local employers. The other conclusion is that to manage a motivation of employees is necessary according to the given structure of an organization, the type of business (without «blind» copying of the best international practices) and the peculiarities of mentality of our Russian workers, who are more sensitive to the intangible forms of motivation, have less stable self-esteem, more initiative and enthusiasm at an extension of the scopes of responsibility and at giving the possibilities of participation in new projects.
The article examines also the reasons for leaving of qualified personnel. Basing the results of research of effective personnel management (with the use of socio-psychological survey of employees) through understanding and appreciating motivation methods used in manufacturing plants, it proposes the effective principles of personnel motivation.
The features of the modern world economy development increase the scale of external and internal challenges and threats to the economy, which makes the problems of ensuring economic security more and more relevant. And taking into account the ongoing transformations of the world economy, each country chooses its priorities, uses a set of measures to strengthen and protect its national economic security. Three interrelated categories can be distinguished: the economic security of the country, the economic security of individual people, and the economic security of national economic entities. The economic security is influenced by a system of factors that overlaps with the system of factors of the country's international competitiveness. The methodology of ensuring economic security and approaches to the choice of instruments for its protection are not dogmatic. They can and must change in accordance with the development trends of the world economy, new scientific and technological knowledge, features of geo-economic competition. The analysis of the functioning of the Russian economy and foreign trade has allowed to single out a number of negative tendencies, which are the preconditions for certain fears for Russia's economic security. Simultaneously, the role of its strengthening in the long-term period, and therefore the use of preventive measures, is growing. This preventive measure is to increase the competitiveness of exports.
Economic development of Singapore has become one of the vivid examples of transition of a developing country to the group of First World economies. Singapores economic success was achieved mainly due to the interventionist measures implemented by the government and embodied in industrial policy. This positive experience can be also of interest to Russia pursuing to modernize the economy and to shift away from raw materials export dependency. This article contains analysis of the main stages, instruments, results of industrial policy of Singapore, and policy implications for Russia.
The article is devoted to interconnection between Russia’s place in the global economic space and internal processes at the regions for creation and implementation of new products. Corruption impact on firm’s capacity to transform R&D into market successful goods is discussed. Its impact on business access to credits and loans is considered. Russia's place in the global system of patent registration is compared with the internal patent activity. For this purpose statistics on domestic patent applications was disaggregated on federal districts statistics. Federal districts is compared on patent activity. The effectiveness of human capital use is interpreted as one of the causes of different patent activity. The volume of shipped innovation products per unit of human capital is chosen as the criterion of effectiveness of human capital use. Furthermore, the interrelation between patent activity and industrial facilities and business incubators (technoparks) at Federal district is discussed. The possibility to use the world positive experience of business-incubators for innovation activity development in Russian economy is analyzed.
Close cooperation with the BRICS countries are always in line with the challenges facing the Russian economy. The relevance of this trend has intensified due to the complex geopolitical situation and to impose sanctions against Russia from Western countries and the United States, which can not but entail a strengthening of the development of Asian, Hispanic and African destinations of foreign economic cooperation of Russia. Simultaneously, the process of unification of the BRICS countries have their contradictions and problems. Based on the evaluation of the major trends of economic development of the BRICS countries, the characteristics of the state of their industry, transport infrastructure and foreign trade shows that the BRICS countries are the prerequisites for the development of further cooperation and highlighted the main areas of possible technical, scientific, innovative and industrial cooperation, promote international competitiveness BRICS