Initially, the Belt and Road initiative was greeted with enthusiasm in Southeast Asia, as it made possible to support projects and bring the products from Southeast Asia to international markets. However, the overwhelming and none of them has been completed. China’s main volumes of investments and loans are allocated exclusively for infrastructure projects, while serious funds are not allocated for innovative industrial facilities or IT structures. Railroads and logistics facilities will be used to export Chinese goods to these countries, import raw materials to China, or deliver local industry products. The economic feasibility and quality of investments in projects in Indonesia and Malaysia are in great doubt. Laos and Myanmar are taking loans from China to develop the railway network without developing their own industry, so these regions can only be traders of Chinese goods. These countries cannot recoup the projects at all, many of them turn out to be unfinished, and therefore the debt to China is growing. The mega-project of the South China-Southeast Asia corridor was not economically sustainable. Its economic feasibility for the participating countries (except for China itself) raises many questions.
The article considers the problems of search for effective ways to manage a working activity that would ensure an activation of a human factor. The practical, predictive and simulation methods of personnel assessment are briefly presented. The typical reasons for frustration of professionals in their activities and the ways to preserve their interest in work are given. The two main styles of management and motivation of a staff established by an international practice, expressed in the principles of American and Japanese management, are briefly considered. A generalized model of the motivational characteristics of a work is presented.
In addition, the article substantiates the conclusion, that a widespread tendency to overestimate the significance of the financial and disciplinary factors and to underestimate the importance of the human factor in motivation, which can lead to higher staff expenses, have places among the local employers. The other conclusion is that to manage a motivation of employees is necessary according to the given structure of an organization, the type of business (without «blind» copying of the best international practices) and the peculiarities of mentality of our Russian workers, who are more sensitive to the intangible forms of motivation, have less stable self-esteem, more initiative and enthusiasm at an extension of the scopes of responsibility and at giving the possibilities of participation in new projects.
The article examines also the reasons for leaving of qualified personnel. Basing the results of research of effective personnel management (with the use of socio-psychological survey of employees) through understanding and appreciating motivation methods used in manufacturing plants, it proposes the effective principles of personnel motivation.
To establish a framework of strategic trends of regional and industrial development of a city system it is necessary to estimate the competitiveness level of the city and its industries. The authors present a method of assessment of the city’s competitiveness, based on the analysis of potentials available: economics, finance, labour resources, infrastructure, social sphere, demography. The level of development of certain types of economic activity (C, D, E) was estimated by the indicators of labour productivity, employment by economic activity and average monthly salary. The authors have created the “competitiveness of the city – sectoral interaction” matrix for the municipal system of the region. As a result of practical approbation they introduce the framework of strategic priority trends of regional and sectoral development of municipal system in Belgorod region in 2020–2025
Abstract. The contemporary world market abounds in companies varying in their competitive behaviour which represents their objectives and specific activity. The article shows that among various types of economic activity connected with digitalization as the most important trend of economic development a special place belongs to high technology, and market conditions are determined by businesses which make use of such technologies. As a rule, these businesses have the best performance and take top positions of the ratings based on a wide range of parameters. The authors assume that use of artificial intelligence gradually becomes a significant factor determining a company’s success at the world market. They have also found out that market entities show the tendency to use different platforms in their business activities more frequently. Major market players take interest in external innovation purchasing it at the market or interacting with other companies and even competitors. They also are interested in processing and analyzing big data and internet of things (IoT). The authors point out that demand for business incubators tends to grow as well. They have analyzed the inner changes at different stages of development of Google and the corresponding changes of competitive behaviour pattern at the corresponding markets and defined major factors which influence stable position of the company at the market. Intellectualization of economic activity of business can be considered as ambivalent: on the one hand, companies’ more frequent exploration of digital economics becomes an essential part of their successful competitive behaviour at the market, and on the other hand it appears to be the factor which effects the development of exterritorial buseness environment connected with the world processes and formation of geoeconomic space.
The features of the modern world economy development increase the scale of external and internal challenges and threats to the economy, which makes the problems of ensuring economic security more and more relevant. And taking into account the ongoing transformations of the world economy, each country chooses its priorities, uses a set of measures to strengthen and protect its national economic security. Three interrelated categories can be distinguished: the economic security of the country, the economic security of individual people, and the economic security of national economic entities. The economic security is influenced by a system of factors that overlaps with the system of factors of the country's international competitiveness. The methodology of ensuring economic security and approaches to the choice of instruments for its protection are not dogmatic. They can and must change in accordance with the development trends of the world economy, new scientific and technological knowledge, features of geo-economic competition. The analysis of the functioning of the Russian economy and foreign trade has allowed to single out a number of negative tendencies, which are the preconditions for certain fears for Russia's economic security. Simultaneously, the role of its strengthening in the long-term period, and therefore the use of preventive measures, is growing. This preventive measure is to increase the competitiveness of exports.
Economic development of Singapore has become one of the vivid examples of transition of a developing country to the group of First World economies. Singapores economic success was achieved mainly due to the interventionist measures implemented by the government and embodied in industrial policy. This positive experience can be also of interest to Russia pursuing to modernize the economy and to shift away from raw materials export dependency. This article contains analysis of the main stages, instruments, results of industrial policy of Singapore, and policy implications for Russia.
The article is devoted to interconnection between Russia’s place in the global economic space and internal processes at the regions for creation and implementation of new products. Corruption impact on firm’s capacity to transform R&D into market successful goods is discussed. Its impact on business access to credits and loans is considered. Russia's place in the global system of patent registration is compared with the internal patent activity. For this purpose statistics on domestic patent applications was disaggregated on federal districts statistics. Federal districts is compared on patent activity. The effectiveness of human capital use is interpreted as one of the causes of different patent activity. The volume of shipped innovation products per unit of human capital is chosen as the criterion of effectiveness of human capital use. Furthermore, the interrelation between patent activity and industrial facilities and business incubators (technoparks) at Federal district is discussed. The possibility to use the world positive experience of business-incubators for innovation activity development in Russian economy is analyzed.
Close cooperation with the BRICS countries are always in line with the challenges facing the Russian economy. The relevance of this trend has intensified due to the complex geopolitical situation and to impose sanctions against Russia from Western countries and the United States, which can not but entail a strengthening of the development of Asian, Hispanic and African destinations of foreign economic cooperation of Russia. Simultaneously, the process of unification of the BRICS countries have their contradictions and problems. Based on the evaluation of the major trends of economic development of the BRICS countries, the characteristics of the state of their industry, transport infrastructure and foreign trade shows that the BRICS countries are the prerequisites for the development of further cooperation and highlighted the main areas of possible technical, scientific, innovative and industrial cooperation, promote international competitiveness BRICS
Governmental support in the formation of economic and intellectual potential of Kuzbass contributes to more comfortable conditions for development of business and improvement of life quality of the population. Strategic branding tools are an effective mechanism which allows building up long-term and trusting relationship with the local people and introducing certain values. The effect of external shocks including the COVID-19 pandemics on the functioning of social and economic spheres also reveal the necessity of their structural transformation and the need for raising digitalization level. The authors of the article suggest a number of strategic initiatives aimed at improving the business reputation of Kuzbass. Kuzbass Trading House can become a centre for promoting Russian hi-tech companies abroad, presenting investment projects. It also can act as an integrator of international engineering projects and a driver for technology transfer. As digitalization tends to spread wider and wider the authors suggest creating an electronic platform «KuzbassTrade» to improve the performance of Kuzbass Trading Centre and build the financial stability of the region. The platform will function as a virtual presentation of products, services and technologies of local representatives of corporate and scientific sectors. State institution «Agency for Investments Attraction and Protection» and leading higher educational institutions and research organizations of Kuzbass should strategically take direct part in creating a unified chain for determining innovative technologies to be implemented (including patent landscape and market niche analysis) and form investment package offers for building new manufactures and consortiums.