We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The article considers the relationship between the importance of power interest groups in undemocratic regimes and productivity of economy. The authors propose an original theoretical model using the achievements of the theory of securitization in order to trace the mechanism of the influence of the "Siloviki" on the economic development of states in the absence of institutional and social restrictions. Based on the theoretical model, a quantitative index of the influence of the "siloviki" is proposed, combining a set of institutional and political variables. A set of statistical methods is used to identify the relationships between the index of the siloviki’s influence and economic development: panel regressions with fixed effects and discontinuous regressions. The models’ results show a stable negative impact of power interest groups on productivity of economy.
Partisan governments play an impor tant role in the elaborat ion of macroeconomic policies of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries: they manage ﬁscal policy and coordinate with a Central Bank that conducts monetary policy. Ideology is a crucial parameter of the ruling coalition. This study focuses on the inﬂuence of the ideology of the ruling coalition on macroeconomic policies of the OECD countries. Using statistical methods, the analysis examines the relationship between the “rightism” of the ruling coalition and such characteristics of budgetary policy as budget balancing, state expenditures and tax collection. The ﬁndings show that the inﬂuence of ideology is determined by a set of social and economic factors, so the nature of the inﬂuence that ideology wields may work in diﬀerent directions depending on the conditions.
The authors of this article use a new paradigm of global studies, in which the idea of globalization as a process of making a uniform world is deemed outmoded. The main trend of development on the planet is identiﬁed as a segmentation into several mega-regions ( integrated systems ) which will compete with each other. The processes of the uniﬁcation of states into integrated systems form an entirely new topology of global space. The planetary structure of the near future is seen by the authors as an integration-confrontational polycentricity. Within the integrated systems, special attention goes to the mutual correlations ( determinateness ) of politics, economics and ideology - a “triangle of integration.” There is considerable potential for research in the ﬁeld of ideology of systems integration, the authors maintain. The article analyzes the “point of vulnerability” of the newly reintegrating system in the former Soviet space: the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU ). Attention is drawn to the importance of meaningful analysis of the political risks of the Eurasian integration. In conclusion, the authors of the article outline prospects for further research on the integration process using the methods of political science and global studies.
This article analyzes the relationship of integration, one of the deﬁning trends of our time, with the political stability of countries and regions. An analysis of the events of the last several years leads to the hypothesis of a close relationship be- tween integration as a process and stability as a category of the political process in particular countries and regions. One of the main conclusions is that integrated systems are able to create a much-needed “space of equilibrium” for the modern world and as a result contribute to the stabilization of national political systems. However, these processes are accompanied by a variety of different kinds of risk, including the integration strategy of aggressive contenders for regional and global leadership. The relationship between the dynamic of integration and political stability is analyzed using the examples of the modern Arab world and Latin America. The correlation of integration and stability is very important for modern Russia as the leader of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). Strengthening the integration of identity and political stability of the EAEU member states is considered in the context of opposition to integration with the EU program “Eastern Partnership.” Finding a way out of the geopolitical deadlock is impossible without building a new post-conﬂict platform trialogue of EAEU-EU-“Eastern Partnership” countries. A signiﬁcant result of compromise strategies should be the stabilization of the political regimes, systems and the region as a whole. At the global level, the consolidation of new supranational pillars of the world's political and economic architecture (EAEU, BRICS, SCO) is becoming a necessary condition for the formation of an anti-crisis model for the new world order.
This article provides a review of theses presented at the round table “The Strategy of Sustainable Development in the Context of 21st c. Political Processes,” held at the Lomonosov Moscow State University Department of Political Science in conjunction with the V International Scholarly Congress “Global Studies-2017” (Moscow, September 25-30, 2017). Participants focused on the complex of political, philosophical, social and economic problems connected with the “sustainable development” category.
The article introduces the concept of the "democratization trap." Democratization can be considered as a process with an autonomous logic of development that cannot be fully g rasped by standard "actor-oriented" and "structural" approaches. The autonomous logic of democratization is formalized via a game-theoretical model with "politicians" and "voters" as players. They interact under conditions that are inherent to all young democracies. The model predicts that certain types of linkages between politicians and voters emerge endogenously; the emphasis is on the observation that these types of linkages are defective in the context of "liberal democracy." Moreover, these defective linkages may arise even if elections are free, honest and competitive. Empirical evidence underpins the main predictions of the model. The concept of the "democratization trap" may have several interesting implications which call for further research, from factors that cause democratic transitions to "freeze up" to contradictions between "liberal" and "democratic" components of liberal democracy.