The authors consider the problem of world crisis as a complex transition state, accelerating the development of negative trends in the Russian socio-economic system. In the unfolding crisis the institution of feedback becomes particularly important, which allows the authorities to catch trends in the development of social processes in time. The need to implement the functions of public policy (the dialogue between social actors relevant socio-political process) causes its development and research in the Russian regions.
The article draws attention to the problem of social justice which is considered as conceptual and socially valuable. The analysis of electoral programmes of some Russian political parties allows the author to reveal their limited opportunities in realization of the social justice rule.
The paper reveals some aspects of social entrepreneurs’ contextual relationship, taking into account their multifaceted nature shaping in line with the task of solving social problems at the crossroads of market, not-for-profit and state institutions. Take into account a fuzzy nature of “social enterprise’ as a phenomenon and concept, the authors use its working definition by the International Association "Ashoka".
The analysis is based on the data of a trial self-administered questionnaire survey. As the sampling frame we used the database of the fellows of Ashoka’s International network — a largest organization supporting the leaders of social entrepreneurship worldwide. From May to November of 2012 128 filled online questionnaires were received from 38 countries; the choice of English or Spanish was optional. The used sampling procedures and the response rate of the completed questionnaires are partly predetermined by methodical limitations of Internet research and the very nature of the subject matter explored.
Apart with testing a global data collecting procedure, the survey allowed testing several hypotheses on financial and organizational sustainability, and pro-business attitudes of the globally recognized leaders of the social entrepreneurship. Particularly it is found that financial sustainability of a social enterprise depends on a scale of diversified demand for manufactured goods and services: a social enterprise is more stable if its customers belong, at least, to some two from the three economy sectors: public sector, private (commercial) sector, nonprofit sector with individual clients. The vast majority of social entrepreneurs expressed their strong orientation of doing business; only about one in ten have financial assistance from the government or charitable organizations as the main condition for organizational and / or financial stability.
Supported by the association "Ashoka" social entrepreneurship movement is clearly a global task initiative. Two out of three social-enterprises created by their own efforts; others - with the support of partner non-profit and commercial organizations.
The development of individual abilities is the subject of study in various directions of contemporary psychology: developmental psychology, psychology of learning and psychology of abilities. An essential component of the purposeful development of abilities is mental operations mastering.
The aim of the article is to study pupils' mastering of mental operations on the example of educational programs on Russian language in elementary school. This study is particularly relevant in the light of new educational standard for general education school. V.D. Shadrikov’s theory of systemogenesis and abilities constitutes theoretical and methodological bases of the study.
A study was conducted to identify the possibility of pupils’ mastering of mental operations based on the analysis of texts of Russian language educational programs. Russian language textbooks of primary education (1, 2 and 3 class) by V.P. Kanakina and V.G. Goreckii comprised the sample of present study. The qualitative analysis allowed us to define the main types of mental operations that may be formed while this material mastering. In quantitative terms, the mental operations of matching, functional significance identification, distinction and analysis has the greatest potential for development on Russian language lessons; they have different measure of severity which depends on lesson’s topic.
The practical significance of the study is that it may contribute in finding the ways of increasing educational activity effectiveness by pupils’ successful mastering of mental operations. Thus, the mental operations considered as conscious mental activities, comprise the basic core of pupils’ thinking and can be specially trained in educational process in elementary school.
The results of a multi-methods inquiry in evaluating «the successfulness of the modernizing Russia» by 3 different categories of experts are exposed: content-analysis of a sample of texts, published by political experts; on-line focus group interview with mixed sampled «folk experts»; face-to-face interviews with a purpose sample of professional experts in modernization, working at the front edge of scientific research. The data of types 1 and 2 allowed specifying actual «modernization» discourses, while the data of type 3 did narrowing the subject-matter at hand and getting reasons to explicate their negative attitudes onto "modernization" outputs.
The article is focused on the police performance system in Russia and its effects for motivation and working practices of policemen. Shortcomings of quantitative approach to police efficiency appraisal are under discussion. Arguments are based on the data of in-depth interviews with policemen in Moscow complimented with the results of discourse analyses of Russian police web-chats.