The article presents the results of research life attitude of homeless people. Were investigated following categories of attitudes: attitude toward myself and my life situation, attitude to other people and environment in general. The study used the following methods: unfinished proposals V.B. Olshansky, test of life meaning orientations D.A. Leontiev, the evaluation of five-year intervals A.A. Kronik and group and individual interviews. The data indicate the presence of a number of characteristics inherent in varying degrees all homeless people. The data obtained can be used to build an effective program of psychological re-socialization of homeless people.
The article examines educational charity of dynasties of Old Believer merchants of Vladimir province. By means of analysis of the legislation the author shows that the philanthropy was a private initiative of Old Believers entirely independent from the state legislation. The author pointes out other areas of philanthropy, such as the organization of free lectures for adults and libraries.