This work is an analytical overview of the 8th Biennial ESEH Conference held in Versailles between 30 June and 3 July 2015. The article tells about key presentations made at the conference, main tendencies in ecological history, and perspectives of research in this field.
The paper focuses on the evolution of the relationship between the Michurinist biology, Darwinism, and Lamarckism in the 1930–50s. The argument is based on the analysis of citation practices in Lysenkoist periodicals and programmatic statements of Lysenko and his close associates.
A letter dated May 22, 1921 (London) by Boris Uvarov (1889–1870), a Russian-born entomologist and author of the phase theory (which provided the rational foundation for the control of locusts), to his colleague and teacher, zoogeographer and taxonomist, Andrey Semenoff Tian-Shanski (1866–1942) is published for the first time. The letter is remarkable in three respects. First, it provides an account of Uvarov’s encounter with local British collection practices and documents a partly successful attempt at introducing a practice of collecting insects using cotton layers, which had proven unpopular in Britain. Secondly, it offers a glimpse into the ways in which professional entomologists of the period rationalised and structured their accounts of their everyday activities. And, thirdly it documents contemporary attitudes to the instability in Russia during the years following the Revolutions of 1917 and the Civil War. The letter is provided with biographical and bibliographical commentaries of the persons and publications mentioned.
This artcile examines the results of the academic school "Natural Resources: Historical Ideas, Exploration and Exploitation" held by the European Society for Environmental History, National Research Universtiy Higher School of Economics and European University at Saint-Petersburg. The main focus is put into the question of academic cooperation, main themes presented and prospects of learning about natural resources.