The crucial parameter for the semantic field of oscillation is whether the situation meets the human needs and expectations: Hindi has a verb reserved for the oscillation of special devices such as a swing or a cradle; Tomo-kan, on the contrary, lexicalizes the type of oscillation that indicates some disfunctionality of an artifact. Two more parameters are relevant for both languages: whether the Trajector is firm of soft and whether it is animate.
In this paper we attempt to reconstruct the evolution of ideas in the studies of Soviet and post-Soviet Russian Orientalists about the Republic of Tripolitania, which existed on the territory of the modern State of Libya in 1918-1923. Based on the analysis of historiographic materials, we identified the main stages in the development of research in this area, as well as problematic issues and approaches to their comprehension. Specific examples show how changes in the sociopolitical context in the Russia and Libya, as well as the dynamics of interstate relations, influenced the transformation of ideas about the Tripolitan republic and its role in the history of Libya in the 20th century.
During the past twenty years, imagology as a study of national images has become one of the fastest growing academic fi elds in the PRC. This paper presents a review of contemporary Chinese publications regarding the image of Russia. The author analyzes the articles on international image of Russian Federation as well as Chinese perceptions of our country.
During the Edo period (1603 – 1867) Japanese thinkers adopt some elements of European geographical thought. The newly created view of the world included both traditional and Western scientific knowledge. The treatise “Nihon Suido Ko:” by Nishikawa Joken (1648 – 1724) is one of the earliest examples of such kind of synthesis. The work was important not only for the development of geographical thought, but also for self-presentation of the Japanese people, as the synthesis of different source of knowledge was aimed to determine the position of Japan in the world.