The article analyzes the origin and significance of Russia's government policy in "peasant question" during the reign of Alexander III.
This paper focuses on dachas and summer lifestyle in Sokolniki area in the 1800s – 1940s. It discusses owners of the first dachas, transformation of Sokolniki from tsar’s hunting area to a public place with a park and dachas. Basing on unpublished archival materials, memoirs and contemporary newspapers, the following article constructs an image of dachas in Sokolniki, examines prices for dachas, problems the dacha owners faced, the way they solved them and improved dacha living in this area. Besides, this paper observes who were the dacha owners or who rented dachas (both are called ‘dachniki’) and leisure activities available in Sokolniki in the summertime. This article also studies how dachas and ‘dachniki’ were evaluated in the contemporary society.