The article substantiates comparative approach to study the culture of old age in modern Russia and China. Russian and Chinese cultures of old age are perceived as difficult semiotic spheres. The article demonstrates the role of national traditions in shaping the values of the culture of old age. The article reveals the role of dominant meanings and images in the dialog of generations against the background of modern globalization. The interaction of generations is within the context of archetypal images, cultural values and behavioral patterns. Communication between generations is a prerequisite for the realization of national idea in Russia and China.
The paper deals with the so-called “golden triangle” of constitutive connections between meaning, reason, and modality. This classical triangle has been critically reassessed in contemporary analytical philosophy, but some forms of it still seem to be indispensible in studies of consciousness and AI. A lot of to-date anti-reductionist arguments are based on subtle nuances of relationships between the concepts of necessity and analyticity and a priori knowledge (e.g. “zombie” argument). The most effective tool for the study of these issues is the two-dimensional approach, developed by D. Chalmers and some other researchers. Author’s main concern is to analyze the basic concepts and methodological principles of two-dimensionalism in order to identify its vulnerable points and outline the limits of its applicability.