This article discusses some features of the fight against corruption in the Republic of Korea. Special attention is paid to the activities of a specialized body to combat corruption Commission, anti-corruption and civil rights (The Anti-Corruption and Civil Rights Commission). The study evaluated the effectiveness of the implementation of the powers of the said Commission, and highlighted the main approaches in combating corruption in the Republic of Korea.
For a long time it has been taken for granted that a non-governmental party to the armed conflict should respect basic human rights only to the extent provided by the sources of International Humanitarian Law. On the basis of international treaties and customs, state practice and doctrinal works, the author concludes that a new international custom is emerging under which – as far as it is objectively possible – International Human Rights Law imposes obligations on the non-governmental armed groups as parties to the armed conflict exercising elements of governmental authority.
The author analyzes the process of the establishment of the institution of law enforcement measures at sea from the time of the Roman Empire to the present day. The focus of the study is the process of transforming general customary norms aimed at combating piracy into an international legal institute of law enforcement measures, which has been recognized at the universal, regional and bilateral treaty levels.
The Incoterms® rules are a standard recognized in international business community which is used by entrepreneurs as a guidance for regulation of international commercial transactions and domestic trade operations. In 2016 the International Chamber of Commerce officially announced the commencement of its work on revision of the current version of Incoterms® 2010 and development of an updated set of rules which would correspond to the current requirements of commercial practice – Incoterms® 2020. The purpose of the present article is to trace the key stages of evolution of Incoterms®, to determine the factors which have led to the formation of the rules and to identify certain trends of their further development.
Essence of a super-presidential republics of Latin-American countries is described in this article. It is reliance on army to achieve political ends that identifies the peculiarities of President power, here. Author analyzes the constitutional legal regulation features of President authority in different branches and fields of power and governance (greater concentration of power, extraordinary powers, military as a subject of governance, coercive violence, party system backwardness). The «succession» legal treatment is given in the article - shift of power from actual president and his immediate circle to his (their) protégé.