The chapter of V.A. Dyakov’s reminiscences, for the first time published in Russian, highlights the professional activity of this prominent scholar who specialized in Polish history and worked at the Institute of Slavic Studies in 1960–1995. The publication includes an introductory article containing characteristics of his scientific and memoir heritage, as well as source commentary.
The volume of the «Picturesque Russia» (1882) devoted to the Belorussian and Lithuanian lands and its authors (A. Kirkor, P. Semenov, S. Maksimov) were subjected to sharp criticism of M. Koyalovich who incriminated to the edition a pro-Polish trend. N. Kostomarov and A. Pypin publically defended the «Picturesque Russia». This discussion was centered on the issues of peripheral regions’ ethnocultural identity and the role of the Russian core of the empire.
The article explores ethnic and geographical terminology used in the Russian Empire at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries for defining the lands and population which later found themselves in the orbit of the Ukrainian statehood. The focal point of the article are the terms of Little Russia, Ukraine, New Russia, Little Russians, Ukrainians, their correlation, spatial projections, etymology, administrative equivalents and axiological connotations.
The Russian Slavistics is characterized by the coexistence and even rivalry of traditional ethno-cultural and regional approaches, the demand for which was determined not only by scientific considerations, but also by political factors – the attitude to the heritage of empires, the imperatives of the Soviet bloc and the needs of post-socialist transformation. The regional approach involves the use of notions such as Eastern Europe, Central Europe, South-Eastern Europe and East Central Europe having axiological and geopolitical dimensions.