Based on the comparison of population censuses of 2010, 2002 and 1989 as well as current statistics of births, deaths and migration, the article examines the influence of migration on the dynamics and structure of the population by sex and age in Moscow city and Moscow region, which have the most powerful migration potential in Russia. A new methodology has been proposed which provides the closest to reality absolute and relative values of net migration. The research criticizes the quality of various sources of data on migration and identifies and corrects the inaccuracies in current migration data and the results of the population census.
The paper considers the possibility to apply “Contemporary marketing practices” methodology to the emerging markets. Such methodology allows to assess the condition status to the full extent. In case the application is confirmed, wide expansion of this assessment method will allow to compare marketing level in Russia with other countries.
Basing on the data of migrant population surplus/decline in Russian cities for the period 1991-2009 the attempt is made to evaluate the impact of the population size of a city as well as the city position in the system of central-peripheral relations on its migration balance. The author also explains the existing migration mobility pattern through hierarchy of cities within a region.
This paper evaluates disparity in dynamics between the indexes of mechanical and natural population change of population for 1990-2010 in Russian regions. Data that was estimated for separate cities and regions shows that intraregional differences of given indexes (не меньше, чем по стране в целом) no less than for country in total. Migration influences on population structures, indexes of birth and death rate in cities and regions. It determines the differences of dynamics of population and intraregional periphery.
An attempt to model the migration flows at regional and municipal level for the period 2003-2008 in Russia is made. Research corroborates the importance of "poverty traps" in determining migration in Russia. Main flows originate from regions and municipalities with higher wages, that means from more social and economic developed territories. Despite stable social and economic development the constraints that do not allow citizens to change their residence still exist in the regions. However, according to the results of internal migration modeling in one of the Russian regions, the poverty trap effect is insignificant for relative close movements.
This paper evaluates disparity between the regional center and regional periphery using the data on the components of population dynamics in low-level ATU for the period 1990-2002. It analyses migration outcomes for 10 Russian regions in terms of the remoteness from the center and also compares the difference between the regional centers and regional periphery when it comes to the indicators of natural and mechanical population decline.
Taking cities and municipalities of the Central Federal District regions as an example, the estimations of differentiation in migration growth (decline) of population for 2007-2009 were made. Differences in the net-migration between regional centers and the periphery, as well as the migration rates dependence on the distance from the centers are analyzed.