This paper is timed to the 150th anniversary of the abolition of serfdom in Russia and dedicated to the heritage of A.P. Shchapov (1831-1876) - one of the distinguished historians and public figures of the epoch of «great reforms» of 1860s, a creator of zemstvo-regional conception of Russian history, who contributed significantly to federalistic and local history thought.
The article deals with the problem of the balance of public and private interest in law. Ensuring and protecting public interests is largely the responsibility of the state. As a result of the growth of legal contradictions, violation of the logic of legal regulation, the emergence of legal gaps and conflicts, there is an imbalance in the interests of the state and the individual. The lack of a balance of public and private interests undermines the level of public confidence in the system of government, reduces the overall level of legal awareness. All this predetermines the need to change legal priorities, the adoption of laws that promote the realization of citizens' rights and provide real mechanisms for the protection of citizens and business when interacting with government authorities and officials.
With the outbreak of the First World War, the Smolensk police and gendarmerie faced the activation of revolutionary and anti-war elements in society. Martial law was taken advantage of not only by revolutionary organizations, but also by enemy intelligence. Mass agitation and propaganda in the rear of the Russian army made it possible not only to obtain intelligence information, but also to destabilize the state of the Russian troops at the front and in the rear. The activity of revolutionary propaganda made it possible to achieve the set goals in the form of undermining the combat capability of the Russian troops and the mass surrender of soldiers.
In this article identifies and analyzes the clusters represented in the Siberian Federal District
The article deals with the new organizational forms of intellectual property commercialization in the industrialized countries. The rises of competition for U.S. and European patents by the 8 most developed Asian countries and a sharp increase in patenting of national inventions in China are demonstrated. Some new organizational innovations that are implemented in the United States and Western Europe in order to preserve the existing competitive advantages are presented. The reform of the patent system in the United States and the transition to a single European patent are among them. The new economic mechanism of “patent box” to stimulate industrial companies involved in the successful commercialization of the patents is described too.
The paper studies the impact of the global financial crisis on the development of integration processes of the CIS countries. The appearance of certain structural economic turbulence in the post-Soviet space has been proved by calculating rank concordance coefficients for changes of six basic macroeconomic indicators in 2009. It is shown that these changes are short-term and will hardly affect the vector of integration processes in the long term. Some ways to accelerate the integration process through the development of a coherent economic policy after the crisis are discussed.
Basing on N. Kondratiev's theory of long waves, the author describes possible causes of the global financial crisis and notes that we are experiencing a time of "innovation pause. Cloud computing technology could serve as a force of changes, which can give a new impetus to information technologies development.