The article considers the history of the legal newspaper Pravo and its censorship history. The newspaper was an influential Russian liberal periodical of the early 20th century. It was published without pre-censorship but underwent pressure from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, received administrative warnings for its “harmful direction” and was on the verge of administrative closure. Pravo published articles about the state of Russian legislation, government administration and the court system, giving special attention to press legislation. It criticized the censorship system in Russia for administrative arbitrariness and advocated freedom of the press based on the rule of law. The history of censorship against the newspaper itself is indicative of the arbitrary character of Russian law on freedom of the press.
The article presents the results of a television consumption survey of rural residents. We prove that people choose the TV content that corresponds to their mindset. This is true to people of all ages and socio-cultural status. These views suggest that the villagers are in a state of social depression - they tend to become less sensitive and more alienated towards symbols, values and conventions of the present-day media. Thus we introduce the term "depressive media consumption" that refers to this rural viewing pattern.
In the article the specificity of the hypertext as a format of fixing of information on the Internet is considered. The author enters definition of hypertext, its classification for Public Relations. An advantage of the Internet hypertext is the attraction of the addressee of the text to the co-authorship and co-participation formation.
In the article Internet communication characteristics are investigated. The author ascertains that Internet communication is a new object in the theory of public relations and enters system of definitions and classification of net communications, comes to a conclusion about development of the Internet communication and public relations as a system from manipulative to collaborative paradigm.
In the article the theoretical basis of studying corporate communication in the Internet and the conceptual apparatus based on the latest empirical materials are formulated. The author notes the fundamental changes in the characteristics of Public Relations and development of their new principles in the Internet. The author focuses on the study of corporate resources, such as e-mail and website, which are both the tools and environment of communication at the same time. It is found the special importance of professional ethics as basic criteria for the effectiveness of PR in the Internet.
This article reviews the book of the prominent Scandinavian philosopher and scholar Peter Forsskal "Thoughts on Civil Liberty" published in Stockholm in English and Swedish in 2009.
The topic of demography in recent years excites a lot of discussion among politicians, economists and sociologists. These discussions are reflected in the media including on the Internet: the articles addresses issues of fertility and maternity capital, mortality and health, migration and the labor market. However in these articles it is possible to detect certain errors and inaccuracies which are associated with the use of demographic indicators and their interpretation. This article conducted a content analysis of the Russian Internet editions (mass media), contains the basic errors in these publications in terms of major demographic processes and categories, and the classification of those errors. We have found five types of errors and inaccuracies: the discrepancy of reality, stylistic inaccuracies, inaccuracies in the wording, errors and inaccuracies of interpretation of demographic processes, inaccuracies of use of indicators and terms. Although crude rates are mostly used in the media due to their plainness, for comparison between regions and for a time it is essential to use special demographic indicators such as age-standardized mortality rate, life expectancy, total fertility rate and other. The article would be useful not only to journalists and to the main newsmakers in the person of officials, but also to students who write essays and abstracts on the subject of demography, and to all of them who feel a lack of demographic knowledge.
In the recent years there has been an active discussion of the existence of communication matrices, which determine the methods chosen by a journalist to reach his professional goals. It has been discovered that there is a connection between institutional matrices that define the life of society on the whole, communication matrices that shape social communication and media matrices that establish the framework of professional journalism.
For the further development of this theory there is a need in thorough study and comparison of the professional methods of journalists from different historical periods. Without making claims to the accomplishment of such a comprehensive task, authors have analyzed the essential characteristics of professional activities and communication strategies and tactics of a journalist, who worked in the socio-cultural space of India, through the case study of L.V. Mitrokhin, a soviet journalist working in India, who followed the communist theory of mass media. Given article focuses on main types of communicational strategies and research technologies of a professional journalist, as well as the results of his archive search and analytical and informational activities. It presents the history of Mitrokhin’s investigation of British intelligence service in Asia and studies the communication scenarios of his discovery of the previously unknown letter of Elena Roerich to President F.D. Roosevelt. Given paper features the first-ever use of materials from Mitrokhin’s private archive for research purposes, concluding that the ideological and political views of a journalist to not effect technical aspects of his professional work.