An explanation for a phenomenon of femme fatale in modernity is presented, that is quite a unique psychological profile based on a paradoxical combination of narcissism and a profound interest in the Other’s talent. But it is an interest just in the talent. As for the bearer of that talent, an individual, — he is something that is to be transcended. The examples of femme fatale are Lilya Brik и Lou Salome, who was a muse of F. Nietzsche and Z. Freud and directed the former to the idea of a Superman and the latter to the idea of narcissism.
This review provides a brief overview of the monograph by E.V. Beschetnova about Vladimir Solovyov and Konstantin Leontiev.
It analyses polysemantic terms the subject, the personality, the selfhood and which form sincrets for example subjectivity of selfhood and etc. It reconstructs interpretation of these terms by G.G. Shpet, S.L. Rubinshtein, B.M. Teplov, A.N. Leontiev, etc. It affirms that the main theme of psychological investigation is the personality. On the ontological plane we have two ways of personality: down - to the subject - to a function or to collection of functions, to subject; and up - to the selfhood - to an ideal, to the limit of self-construction, to spirituality and freedom.
This article attempts to analyze two phenomenally different forms of refusal of choice. The immature (impersonal) one represents freedom from choice, whereas in contrast the mature (agentic) one results from taking up a personal attitude.
In the world philology the discussion on identity of the prototype of Stavrogin, the primary character of “Demons” by А. Dostoevsky. This character is the key one for Dostoevsky’s views on Russian revolutionary radicalism. The author of the article finds a number of correspondences in the life and activities of A. Herzen and the novel’s character. Dostoevsky himself scattered numerous hints in the novel about its hero prototype.
In this article a brief history of vocal practices in psychotherapy, a model of types of vocalizations and their empirical research in self-expression and self-inquiry are introduced. The participants of this research were divided into two groups. In one group they were offered to express themselves with sounds of their voices in the situation of unconditional positive regard (this group was called the expressive group). In the other group they were offered to sound in the situation of evaluation (this group was called the impressive group). Participants who chose to work in the impressive group wanted to develop their voices, their public and acting abilities. Participants who chose working in the expressive group wanted to learn more about themselves, express and live through their experience with the sounds of their voices (vocalizations). The results of this investigation were analyzed. Participants from the impressive group were struggling with their inner tensions and gradually freed their voices. They payed a lot of attension to the strategies of their performing. During the first sessions their vocalizations were rather monotonous, but they became more and more various by the time of the last research sessions and the participants felt more confident by the end of the research. It was important for them to know what their research partners think about their vocalizing and compare it with vocalizing of each other. The listeners perceived their vocalizations as a little performance. Participants from the expressive group inquired and lived through their emotions and experience with their voices. Their voices sounded very freely. They expressed a big variety of emotions and feelings. Participants dove into their experience with the help of their voices very deeply. They discovered and worked through their body tensions while vocalizing and getting the feedback. Most participants from this group reported inability to verbalize their experience witch appeared during vocalizing. Their vocalizations were various and very much full-filled with their emotions and feelings. During vocalizing participants experienced a growing sensation of their strength and inner freedom.
In the discussion of Raskolnikov's crimes causes, the concept of motives` duality is dominant: the hero simultaneously wanted to be Napoleon and bring good to people. The author of the article puts forward another possible reason of the crime, namely, the game of demonic forces. They are considered not only from a religious, but also an existential-phenomenological position. Thus, the article is devoted to the consideration of the demonic principle and its manifestations in Dostoevsky's novel.
Key words: F.M.Dostoevsky, Jan Patocka, demonic principle, technical civilization
The article is devoted one of the main idea Likhachev Scientific Conference - a dialogue of the people, cultures, civilizations, It's eternally demanded field for consolidation of efforts of the most different humanities. All these sciences are seeking not only to explain reality, but also — to correct. The analysis is also devoted to ideas of global human being and others humanitarian images and metaphors.
The development of the idea of calling is traced from its religious and philosophical roots. The present state of this problem in psychology and further lines of research are considered.
Some ways of mutual influence of the theoretical biology of Jakob von UexküIl and the philosophy of symbolic forms of Ernst Cassirer are discussed in the article. Although Cassirer to a large extent emphasized the differences between the human world as the world of a symbolic being from the animal world as the world of an organism whose behavior is built due to its ability to recognize signs and signals described by UexküIl, Cassirer’s attention to the important concept of Umwelt introduced by UexküIl allowed him to detail and refine his theoretical conception. Both scientists fruitfully developed and applied interdisciplinary research strategies: Cassirer, realizing his genuine interest in theoretical biology, and UexküIl, extending his concept of Umwelt to the human world.