The article presents the review of the liberalization process of the European energy market. We consider the historical backgrounds of the energy industry reforms, main steps taken for the market opening, the current legislation regulating activities on the market. In addition, the market features and developing of main market parameters for Czech Republic are given as an example.
The article presents the analysis of research results of FOM, which was carried out within the bounds of the project «People XXI». The project was devoted to a comprehensive study of the behavior of «social innovators» and their life style. The conceptual base for the analysis' sociology has been the works by Russian and foreign economic sociologists and specialists in the field of consumption. «People XXI» show a rational approach to spending of spare time which is characterized by its capitalization, active cultural consumption and consumer leadership.
The present study attempts to identify explicit and implicit liquidity in the Russian stock market and to assess its impact on a stock’s expected returns. Explicit liquidity is approximated along two projections which are trading costs and trading activity. Implicit liquidity is seen as embedded in such parameter as a company’s size. It is assumed that sensitivity of expected returns to changes in the state of liquidity is lower (has a lower slope of the regression coefficient) for large caps. The obtained results for an ex ante cross-sectional regression model evidence in favour of explanatory power of liquidity. However, the direction of its impact on a stock’s expected returns is diametrically opposite to the one suggested by theory.
The author investigates the energy sector of economy of Russia, the peculiarities of the sector, its problems and their solutions.
The article presents the basic theory of selectorate as one of the trends of modern political-economic analysis of different political regimes and their replacement. It demonstrates the penetration of the principles of economic analysis into political science. Unlike other theories of autocracies and democracies, the selectorate theory can explain regime changes by endogenous forces, without attributing the utility function to the leaders or ignoring the presence of political competition..
The article analyzes the evolution and forms of political graffiti in Russia 1990. First, the author problematizes the methods of analysis of political graffiti and graffiti function in a situation of civil activity. Secondly, the author shows that political graffiti of the 1990s. reflect a serious transformation of public opinion and civil society in Russia this period. Thirdly, the author concludes that the political graffiti became an illustration of the cultural reaction to trauma.
The object of study of this paper is a regional economic system which is complex, dynamic and developable by nature. The reproduction of material wealth necessary for the region is provided in the process of functioning of the above system through the interaction between the combinations of subjective (personal) and objective (material) elements, thereby meeting regional environmental and economic needs.
The article considers the phenomenon of nostalgia for the late Soviet times. The author presents the results of his observations over the nostalgia segment of the Russian blogosphere. The article is based on the concepts of the past, collective memory and nostalgia, which have been worked out by M. Halbwachs, D. Lowenthal and S. Boym.