Let Ψ be the projectivization (i.e., the set of one-dimensional vector subspaces) of a vector space of dimension ≥ 3 over a field. Let *H* be a closed (in the pointwise convergence topology) subgroup of the permutation group GΨ of the set Ψ. Suppose that *H *contains the projective group and an arbitrary self-bijection of Ψ transforming a triple of collinear points to a non-collinear triple. It is well-known from [9] that if Ψ is finite then *H* contains the alternating subgroup AΨ of GΨ.

We show in Theorem 3.1 below that *H *= GΨ, if Ψ is infinite.

We introduce the notion of an instanton bundle on a Fano threefold of index 2. For such bundles we give an analogue of a monadic description and discuss the curve of jumping lines. The cases of threefolds of degree 5 and 4 are considered in a greater detail.

Let G be one of the groups SL n(ℂ), Sp 2n(ℂ), SO m(ℂ), O m(ℂ), or G 2. For a generically free G-representation V, we say that N is a level of stable rationality for V/G if V/G × ℙ N is rational. In this paper we improve known bounds for the levels of stable rationality for the quotients V/G. In particular, their growth as functions of the rank of the group is linear for G being one of the classical groups.

Symplectic instanton vector bundles on the projective space $\mathbb{P}^3$ constitute a natural generalization of mathematical instantons of rank-2. We study the moduli space $I_{n;r}$ of rank-$2r$ symplectic instanton vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^3$ with $r\ge2$ and second Chern class $n\ge r, n\equiv r(\mod 2)$. We introduce the notion of tame symplectic instantons by excluding a kind of pathological monads and show that the locus $I_{n;r}^*$ of tame symplectic instantons is irreducible and has the expected dimension, equal to $4n(r+1)-r(2r+1)$.

We generalize the results of Kahn about a correspondence between Cohen-Macaulay modules and vector bundles to non-commutative surface singularities. As an application, we give examples of non-commutative surface singularities which are not Cohen-Macaulay finite, but are Cohen-Macaulay tame.

Let X be an affine toric variety. The total coordinates on X provide a canonical presentation !X -> X of X as a quotient of a vector space !X by a linear action of a quasitorus. We prove that the orbits of the connected component of the automorphism group Aut(X) on X coincide with the Luna strata defined by the canonical quotient presentation.

We discuss the problem of stable conjugacy of finite subgroups of Cremona groups. We show that the group $H^1(G,Pic(X))$ is a stable birational invariant and compute this group in some cases.

We show that the diffeomorphic type of the complement to a line arrangement in a complex projective plane P 2 depends only on the graph of line intersections if no line in the arrangement contains more than two points in which at least two lines intersect. This result also holds for some special arrangements which do not satisfy this property. However it is not true in general, see [Rybnikov G., On the fundamental group of the complement of a complex hyperplane arrangement, Funct.

We find precise small deviation asymptotics with respect to Hilbert norm for some special Gaussian processes connected to two regression schemes studied by McNeill and hic co-authors. Additionally we obtain precise small deviation asymptotics for the detrended Brownian motion and for the Slepian process.

Let $\bbk$ be a field of characteristic zero and $G$ be a finite group of automorphisms of projective plane over $\bbk$. Castelnuovo's criterion implies that the quotient of projective plane by $G$ is rational if the field $\bbk$ is algebraically closed. In this paper we prove that $\mathbb{P}^2_{\bbk} / G$ is rational for an arbitrary field $\bbk$ of characteristic zero.