In this article, the "Cold War" is understood as a situation where the relationship between the leading States is determined by ideological confrontation and, at the same time, the presence of nuclear weapons precludes the development of this confrontation into a large-scale armed conflict. Such a situation has developed in the years 1945-1989, during the "first" Cold War. We see that something similar is repeated in our time-with all the new nuances in the ideological struggle and in the nuclear arms race.
For decades France has been actively cooperating with the Persian Gulf monarchies, members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). The economic cooperation of France with these states smoothly flows into a political one. In view of economic interdependence, they are able to influence each other's foreign policy. However, close ties of France and the monarchies of the Persian Gulf create the danger that Paris may gradually become a hostage of foreign interests and religious contradictions in the Middle East.
The author researches the key problems of the formation of the Russian-speaking Diaspora in a separate poly-ethnic region. The major trends of the adaptation of the Russian-speaking Diaspora in Finland have been studied as well.