In 2015 most countries in the world signed the UN Declaration on Sustainable Development Goals (hereinafter, SDGs) and undertook to move toward their realization, but national goals (17 goals and numerous tasks and specific indices) were to be formulated in accordance with their own developmental characteristics. For advanced countries, this is chiefly solution to the accumulated social and environmental problems with an emphasis on mitigation. For most developing countries, this is practically the basis of devising development programs from various, frequently low, levels of development. However, for the BRICS countries, this is a far more important and topical task of a comprehensive approach to their own (catching-up) development.
The perspectives for the global economy developmet indicate high probability for the global financial crisis. That put forward some dramatically new priorities before Russia
The transition of the world order from a unipolar to a multipolar model is painful, and the West's rejection of this inevitability often leads to a confrontational reaction. The range of problems that have accumulated in the Eurasian space is quite wide, from military-political to economic and humanitarian. In order to make decisions in a rapidly changing situation, a constant comprehensive analysis of what is happening and the most accurate forecasting is necessary.The most vulnerable pain points for China are territorial disputes with India, and disputes over islands belonging with Japan and countries in Southeast Asia in the South China Sea. The U.S. is also trying to destabilize the situation in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Tibet and Hong Kong, habitually accusing the Beijing regime of human rights violations and lack of democracy.
The article “Saudi-Iranian relations: between confrontation and dialogue” is dedicated to the tensions in mutual relations between two main actors in the Middle East. The authors realize deep analysis of the Iranian and Saudi approaches toward the key problems of the Middle Eastern politics. The article contains research of the geopolitical rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia. The article concerns main points of contradiction such as civil war in Syria and Iranian nuclear problem.