The basic Smart-education elements are considered in the article: the university facilities; the information sources types; the way of the educational process organization; the number of educational group; the technology of an information presentation; the technology of the organization of current and total knowledge control; the knowledge presentation speed according to a particular student; the sequence and the number of the simultaneous studied objects; the students preferences. The questions of the trajectory choice in the of Smart-education environment are discussed. The authors give the approximate content of a possible education trajectory. The article offers the technique of the education trajectory choice based on the decision-making support methods. The specified technique allows using both expert’s knowledge and experience in various fields of the organization and ensuring educational process, and the requirements of students. The article considers both group and individual decision-making methods. The authors prove the method choice for the task solution. The article shows an example of the minimum distance method application for the expert’s opinions coordination while choosing the alternative educational trajectories. The example of the hierarchy analysis method application while choosing one of the alternative educational trajectories recommended by experts is shown. The offered technique allows to automate the process of the most rational education trajectory choice and to reduce decision-making time and costs.
For project-oriented IT companies the functional areas of process automation and software classes for such automation in these areas are defined in the paper. The overview of most popular software for project and project portfolio management, risk management and task tracker systems is presented. The functional capabilities for project management automation are discussed for such software as ERP-systems SAP S/4 HANA, Microsoft Dynamics 365 for Finance and Operations, 1С:ERP + PM Управление проектной организацией 2 solution. The benefits of ERP-systems for IT company corporate project management system design are revealed. The software structure and corresponding data interaction are proposed.
The problem of telemetry data acquisition units from a sprinkler and their trans-mission to the remote terminal on the various telecommunication channels is considered. The list of basic parameters, recorded by a sprinkler, is represented. The detailed diagram of data flow and block diagram of a processing algorithm, monitoring and recording the conversion information are given. The methods for converting data telemetry path are disclosed. The main standardized data transmission technology, used in the information transmission channel, is considered. The complexity of the information transmission channel implementation is estimated.
Some question's and answer's representation forms using in knowledge control are considered. Formal methods of answer evaluation in tutoring systems are proposed. Some methods of analysis for text and graphic answers are described. Advantages of the application of these methods are shown.
The article outlines critical analysis of methods used in assessment of digitalization in companies and projects. Based on the results the authors infer the necessity of development of methods that might be used in analysis of engineering centers digitalization. The article presents new method that allows to estimate the level of intensity and effectiveness of different practices in digitalization. The method was tested in analysis of digitalization of engineering projects in oil industry. Digitalization is one of the main processes of changing modern business. Most companies actively declare the introduction of new digitalization tools in management. At the same time, these processes do not always lead to an increase in management efficiency. To make optimal decisions on the use of business digitalization tools, the development of appropriate analytical tools is required. The presented methodology includes: a set of metrics for the efficiency and activity of digitalization of an engineering project: grouping of metrics into three blocks; a method for evaluating the analyzed metrics, an algorithm for analyzing the digitalization of projects and making managerial decisions for their optimization. The technique presented in the article allows us to identify problem areas of digitalization in the business processes of the engineering center, as well as to determine in which directions the maximum efficiency was achieved. This methodology is aimed at making managerial decisions regarding the use of various tools for digitalizing business processes in the implementation of engineering projects.
Bibliography of the works of Babbage and his works in English and Russian languages is almost exhaustive, but in German, French and Italian – optional. The completeness of the coverage of this kind of bibliography has no analogues in world practice.
In present article the theoretical issues related to decision support systems are examined, the overview of current trends in the design of decision support systems is made and potential approaches to design automation of DSS for making managerial decisions are considered.
Digitalization, which has been so much talked about, contributes to the development of many industries in Russia and in the world, but at the same time dictates new requirements for digital personnel and their competencies. To keep pace with emerging trends and information technology and plan for future careers, information and communication technology (ICT) professionals should continually update their skill sets and develop new competencies with the help of the MOOC platforms that suggest appropriate courses. However, given the wide variety of platforms and courses, one can get confused about what to choose for the future development, which courses to take and what profession to follow. The authors conduct a research on user requirements, existing MOOC recommendation systems and their functions, and propose a recommendation system that allows users to select an existing MOOC platform based on assignments and skills for ICT career planning in Russia. The article proposes a modern approach that helps IT professionals plan their future development path based on MOOC recommendations corresponding to their development needs.
The local networks development is one of the most frequently solved today tasks in the field of information technologies. The article considers the main stages of the local computer network development as a number of separate multicriteria partial solutions of selection tasks. We propose a new approach for the base project variant selection and for private solutions, based on the methods of the decision-making theory. The authors detail the decision of these problems on the basis of the analytical hierarchy method and the ELECTRE method. The article describes two usage examples of these methods for the solution of a problem of types of communication lines selecting on user's criteria.
The article analyzes the new concept in Geoinformatics — geoknowledge. The article describes the main types of geoknowledge. The article reveals the content geoknowledge. The article describes the difference between the geoinformation and geographic knowledge. The article describes the relationship and differences between spatial, declarative and procedural knowledge. The article describes the georeference as the basis of receiving and presenting geoknowledge. The connection between spatial relations and geoknowledge. The article describes the linguistic peculiarities of spatial relations. The article describes the spatial information of the situation. The paper describes the graphic model information interaction of spatial objects.
The paper shows an incompleteness of theoretical foundations of the Computational Semantics branches called Semantic Role Labeling and Frame-Semantic Parsing. This situation is a consequence of a seeming lack of a semantic formalism allowing to describe semantic structures of complex sentences and discourses pertaining to arbitrary application domains. It is concluded that the theory of K-representations (knowledge representations) provides a formalism of the kind, determining a new class of formal languages — the class of SK-languages (standard knowledge languages). Some new expressive mechanisms of SK-languages are illustrated. The central ideas of a method of semantic parsing of natural language (NL) texts proposed by the theory of K-representations are set forth. The method employs the class of SK-languages for constructing semantic representations of texts. The final part of the paper considers the application of the method to designing NL-interfaces for software management. A file manager with a NL-interface NLC-1 (Natural Language Commander — Version One) has been developed, the system is implemented with the help of the functional programming language Haskell.