In his article, the author tells about the situation that has developed in Russian higher education. Used as the main theoretical tool is the concept of “tacit collusion.” This term describes a situation where all the participants in a transaction begin to break rules and turn a blind eye to the breach of rules by the other party so that the damage is shifted to third parties. Based on the findings of qualitative surveys (20022011), the article shows how the transformations of Russian higher education institutions are defined by the concept of “tacit collusion.” At this stage, institutional incentives at university and college departments are such that they make it advantageous for university teachers to reduce both the quality of their work and their demands on students. Whereas students, in turn, find themselves at more advantage when they place no demands on teachers and slack in their studies.
Evidence based medicine became a reality during the end of 20 century, but its development makes visible a number of weaknesses of the scientific (evidence) base of medicine
A discussion on Faith in Religion and Science was held at the editorial office of the journal Otechestvennye Zapiski on November 28, 2012. Scholars Dmitry Bayuk, Simon Kordonsky and Alexei Muraviev are exchanging their views about the patterns of post-secularity, the place of science in the modern world, religiosity, and the crisis of meanings.
Kirill Solovyov offers a polemical review of the book "Piterschiki." Russian Capitalism: The First Attempt by Lev Lurie, published in St. Petersburg. In the book it is noted that in Russia there developed a singular version of capitalism where the solo part was allotted to the State and its representatives. It was, in the first place, not enterprising merchants who had risen from peasants but men who had a legal education and held a rank under the Table of Ranks that constituted the business elite of the capital. Drawing on historical studies, including statistical findings, the author of the book presents a picture of the contradictory social "architecture" of St. Petersburg society.
The article is devoted to police moonlighting in Russia. Despite the initial function of law regulation, in many countries police transformed in a destructive tool. In contemporary time police are highly involved in economic activity, which is embedded in business and political spheres. The authors describe the complicated intertwining of legal and illegal aspects of the activity, and bring light to fundamental causes of police moonlighting and socio-economic and political consequences of the phenomenon. The article is based on results of researches of key Russian teams in this field.
The article focuses on the methods used by the authorities to turn the citizens into silent minorities in Stalin’s period. One of them was the practice of sticking political labels on people. For explaining this phenomenon, the concept of stigma—a concept used to denote the ascribing to a person of traits that put him into a “shameful,” discriminated position—is used. By the end of Stalin’s period, such usage of political vocabulary became a tradition. In the postwar days, the legion of “Trotskyites,” “kulaks” and “saboteurs” was supplemented with new characters—“traitor peoples,” “cosmopolites” and “Banderovites” [followers of the 1940s Ukrainian nationalist leader Stepan Bandera].