Global tendency to democratization of the last decades is interested by a lot of researchers and politicians. While the significant part of the studies is dedicated to indices’ validity is concentrated on measurement that are used in broad cross-country surveys, Professor of Oxford University Stein Ringen pays attention to the insufficient consideration of system characteristics of democracy and suggests to investigate individual people’ perception the level of democracy in their own country (at the same time he doesn’t offer any empirical database). In this research the author by means of regression and correlation analysis concludes that not all indices of democracy can be called valid, in particular, the most invalid index is the widespread index Polity IV.
The consequentialist approach to defining legitimacy became widespread at the end of the 20th century. According to this interpretation the successful economic policy maintains citizens’ support for political regime. This article represents an empirical analysis of the relationship between political regime legitimacy and citizens’ economic welfare. The analysis is based on cross-sectional data (44 countries, 2008). Besides, in this research we take into account the multilevel (hierarchical) data structure. We conclude that there is a positive relationship between subjective economic welfare and subjective legitimacy.