In this paper it's considered problem of symbol in philosophy of A.F. Losev. It's proposed to follow conventional division of thinker's philosophical system into early and late periods. It's provided an overview and analysis of main positions relating to the symbol's topic in early period, relying on the such works as «The thing itself » and «The Philosophy of Name». And it's undertaken research of basic ideas in later period, which is represented generally in «The Problem of symbol and realistic art». To outline constructively the similarities and differences it's proposed to reveal and explore the concept of symbolical relevance, which presents implicitly in Losev's investigation and characterizes in a key way correlation between symbol, human and reality. Generally, there are stated two strategy of the conceptional development of symbolical relevance. The one - which is corresponded to the late period of Losev's creativity - turns to the epistemological substantiation of cognitive activity in itself; another remains on the position of fundamentally apophatic limitation of cognitive activity. In conclusion, there is a summary of the comparison of two periods, and as a result it's given an interpretation of Losev's philosophical system in connection with its late deviation not in the ontological or epistemological point of view, but in the philosophy of culture.
The famous V. Solov’ev’s article is considered as the diagnosis of the cultural crisis which has come in Russia after March events of 1881. The main question - about necessary conformity be-tween a problem of social transformation and a spiritual maturity of those who incurs this problem - remains unresolved 130 years later after its publication. Modern value of Solov’ev’s cultural forecast is in that it allows to consider present economic and political crisises as consequences of the cultural catastrophe consisting in devaluation of cultural values and their transformation into fiction-symulakrs. Some conceptual parallels between sociopolitical realities of the post-reform period in XIX century and the post-soviet period in the newest history of Russia are established.