There is a growing need for valid tools for assessing skills and certifying qualifications in the context of increasing labour migration and mobility. Due to the growing internationalization of business activities, companies are interested in standardized skills assessments that ensure valid and comparable ratings of job applicants and employees. At the same time, assessment of professional or vocational skills, which are highly domain-specific and numerous, remains challenging, especially in terms of comparability. Therefore, objective skills assessment tops the list of challenges faced by national VET systems.
This paper presents an overview of practices and tools for assessing vocational skills and VET learning outcomes, and covers the following issues: a) current practices and challenges in measuring vocational skills and learning outcomes in VET; b) initiatives for internationally comparable assessment of vocational skills, including PISA-VET and WorldSkills competitions; c) national initiatives for assessment of VET learning outcomes in the cases of Germany and Russia; d) labor market-and industry-driven initiatives in skills assessment for job seekers and qualification assurance. This paper contributes to the literature on skills assessment by providing a more comprehensive picture of approaches to skills assessments, including well-established ones and emerging initiatives outside the field of measuring learning outcomes in education.
We are pleased to present the issue of the JoSPoE dedicated to the initiatives for the international assessment in vocational and higher education. The choice of the topic is determined by the increasing attention to the learning outcomes assessment at both the national and supranational levels, caused by a need for the rise of efficiency and international competitiveness of national educational systems by providing objectivity and comparability. There is a broad discussion, various approaches and assessment tools are under development as part of this transformation.We are proud of the fact that the leading experts from different countries are participating in this issue, as well as that the issue reveals current projects and developments within this topic