Applying Fr. D. Turner's frontier theory and M. Foucault's concept of heterotopic spaces the author studies “other” spaces created by Russian railway men and Cossacks in Northern Manchuria in the late 19th – first half of the 20th centuries. Particular attention is paid to the organization of leisure in Harbin. The article considers two quite interesting spaces: the yacht club on the bank of the river Sungari and the hippodrome. The choice of these leisure spaces was based on a number of important characteristics. The purpose of this study is to analyze the spaces of the yacht club and the hippodrome as heterotopic spaces on the frontier territory. The author reaches several important conclusions about the basic principles of the basic principles of the creation and the functioning of these leisure spaces. Within these spaces, many cultural processes took quite different forms. The article provides numerous previously unknown facts about the development of yachting and trotting in Harbin.
The authors analyze the process of cultural hybridization in the Russian Diaspora of China. The process of cultural hybridization is a mix of cultures or an intersection, where the formation of new terms, properties, laws and other existential rules. This process of cultural hybridization in the history is seen by the authors in a variety of forms. Cultural hybridity occurs in such places where for a long time are racial, linguistic, religious and other cultural contacts. It is in the dialogue of cultures the cultural hybridity is born. Cultural dialogue with the Other/Stranger in the Chinese territory have contributed to the emergence of cultural hybridity. The Russian Diaspora in China was an ideal place to study cultural hybridity, due to its intersection of the Russian and Chinese cultures.
A special form of interethnic interaction of Russian and Chinese became the mixed Russian-Chinese marriage being "in-between" the two cultures. The result is an interracial, mixed, international marriages, there is a generation of mixed -race children – the carriers of a new culture. The cultural identity of immigrants on foreign soil in any case changed and become another identity – a hybrid identity. The process of cultural hybridization in the end led to the emergence of a number of new cultural properties, forms, and phenomena in the history of Russia and China. The article presents images of perception of hybrid space, broadcast in Russian culture bearers of this experience of cultural hybridity: Russian poets, artists, musicians, actors, etc.. . According to the authors, cultural hybridity in different places and periods of history, diverse and has unique specificity for a number of reasons.
Cross-cultural study of traditional norms and modern structuring of space in a residential building showed, on the basis of the field material collected in Russia and Tanzania, that changing of the organization of the living space in dwellings that occurs under the influence of globalization and propaganda of the Western lifestyle is influenced by the initial culture, religion, climatic conditions, media and economic situation of the population. Substantial changes in the twentieth century have led to serious transformations in structuring of the inner space of the Russian house. Focus on creating comfort for children and youth, and not for the older generation in the residential space reflects the transition of Russian society from postfigurative culture type to cofigurative culture type. But there had been no such transition in Tanzania, since the vast part of the population still lives in poverty.
In modern Tanzanian urban society compared with Russian the preservation of traditional norms structuring of residential space is much stronger, which is related with the living of Tanzanians in the houses of traditional type and with incomplete process of urbanization.
The gender differences in perception and organization of home space are universal − girls, compared to boys, perceive the ethno-cultural model of space organization of the house much better, and probably they would transmit it to succeeding generations in the future. However, in Tanzanian case, gender differences are much smoother, due to the very low economic status of Tanzanians.
The influence of media on the organization of residential space is much more significant in Russia than in Tanzania.
Yola Monakhov Stockton is an artist who works in photography. She is an author of artist and documentary books. Born in Moscow and raised in New York City, she studied Comparative Literature at the University of Wisconsin - Madison, and received two Master’s degrees from Columbia University, in Italian and in Visual Arts, with a concentration in Photography. Between her studies in Italian and in Art, Yola worked internationally as a photojournalist in Central Asia, the Middle East, the former Soviet Union, and in the United States. Currently, she serves as director of the photography program at SUNY Buffalo State. Her work has been shown in solo exhibitions at the Alice Austen House Museum; the LightField Festival at the Hudson Opera House; the Photography Biennale of Tianshui, China and many others. In 2018, Yola Monakhova Stockton visited Astrakhan State University and taught there lectures and photography workshops with the theme “Opening Archives”. After the lecture, we spoke with Yola Monakhov Stockton about the importance of photography in the study of history, about the training of photographers in the US and many others topics.
In the given research for the first time letters of engineer-railroader Gavriil Stepanovich Moskvitin, who served at the construction of Chinese Eastern Railway, introduced into scientific circulation. Methods microhistory applied in the study of the traditional way of life of railway man in Manchuria. Earlier published sources said almost nothing about the traditional of railroad mans the Chinese Eastern Railway, which is manifested in everyday life, norms and values, behavior, problems of railway workers and many others. The letters like these form a certain system, which has a chronological sequence. It is equally important that, years after these letters were written, sent, received and read, they were preserved as material evidence of human life and were transferred to the Astrakhan archive by sister G. S. Moskvitina. Taking into account that man and society position themselves in space, the author analyzes the process of development and perception of the frontier space of Manchuria by the Russian engineer-railroader at the end of XIX - beginning of XX centuries. To today, the study of perception and development of the frontier space at the level of microhistory requires special attention from the historian, as it allows a better understanding of the functioning of the Russian Empire and its colonies. The author considers that G. S. Moskvitin letters written between 1898 and 1901 performed a number of functions.