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Of all publications in the section: 4
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Article
Маслов В. П. Философская антропология. 2021. Т. 7. № 1. С. 80-115.

The essay, which consists of two parts, analyzes the female images of two great artists Botticelli and Picasso. The essay has the character of an art history study with memoir interweaves. In the first part, the author makes an attempt to decipher the genius of Botticelli using the technique of analyzing the prototype of the artist’s heroine and comparing it with the image of a real woman, similar to the Botticelli model.

The second part of the essay is inspired by a photograph of Picasso’s wife Olga Khokhlova, preserved in the personal archive of the author’s friends. The author embeds his story about the muse and the great love of Picasso and about his other paradoxical models in the circumstances of his personal life.

Added: Sep 22, 2021
Article
Маслов В. П. Философская антропология. 2020. Т. 6. № 2. С. 62-70.

The article is written in the form of an essay. It examines what value for the course of the Great Patriotic War of 1941‑1945, in particular for the defense of Leningrad, had neutral-restrained position of Mannerheim and Finland as a state, expressed in relative distancing from Nazi Germany: non-participation in the storming and bombing of Leningrad, refusal to provide the German army the territory of Finland for hitting the city, to block the "Road of Life" on the lake Ladoga. It is shown that this position was largely the result of the diplomatic efforts of the Soviet Ambassador to Sweden, Alexandra Kollontai, who had a special friendly relationship with Mannerheim. In the course of the argument, along with the analysis of objective and literarily documented facts, the author also relies on personal evidence rooted in the biography of his grandfather, the famous academician P.P. Maslov. The article uses a concrete example to show how personal positions and interpersonal relationships, subject to their own logic, become important elements of historically significant factors.

Added: Nov 25, 2020
Article
Драгалина-Черная Е. Г. Философская антропология. 2019. Т. 5. № 1. С. 207-218.

This paper traces the scientific evolution of Elena Dmitrievna Smirnova, the founder of the national school of logical semantics. It is addressed the most significant Smirnova’s results in the development of model-theoretical methods, the theory of semantical categories, and intentional logic. The originality of her synthesis approach to logical semantics, which opens new perspectives in the foundations of apodictic knowledge, is argued for. The paper shows the role of Smirnova’s scientific and pedagogical activity in the development of philosophical logic in Russia.

Added: Jul 2, 2019
Article
Канаева Н. А. Философская антропология. 2019. Т. 5. № 2. С. 157-191.

he publication presents the overview of the content of special discipline – pramāṇavāda (doctrine of the instruments of valid cognition), which formed in the Indian systems of philosophical knowledge – the darśanas. The review begins with the fixation of pramāṇavāda’s similarities with the Western epistemology and logic, with the determining its structure and a brief excursion into the history of its development. Then the author points out the influence of Panini’s grammar (IV century BC) on the Akṣapāda’s (III–IV centuries) choice of the conceptual framework of the pramāṇavāda. The structure of pramāṇavāda was determined on the basis of the «Nyāya-sūtras» of Akṣapāda, the writings of Buddhist Dignāga (C. 450‒520) and Jain canonical works by Umāsvāti (II–III centuries) and Kundakunda (III–IV centuries); the contents of the main logical-epistemological concepts are revealed on the basic texts of the eight darśanas.  The author draws attention to the role of the concept of vyavāhara (conventional usage of the words, and everyday practice), which influenced the specificity of critical discourse in India, she reveals content of the ideas of the linguistic reference which had place in the traditional Indian philosophy. The contents of the basic concepts of pramāṇavāda (the subject of cognition, the knowing consciousness, the perceptual abilities, supernatural cognitive abilities, the ideals of knowledge, aims of knowledge, truth, the everyday practice, the instruments of valid cognition, an inference in Nyāya and Buddhism, «points of view» of the Jains, the theory of debate) are revealed through their comparison with the Western logical-epistemological ideas. Specifics of pramāṇavāda are seen, along with the uniqueness of solutions of theoretical problems, in the absence of a symbolic language for the analysis of reasoning, in the presence of a particular formalism (which consists in the fixation of the traditional methods of polemics), and in the conservation of limited freedom of critical discourse in a formalized skepticism.

Added: Jan 29, 2020